* tempre (obsolete)
A tendency to be of a certain type of mood.
* , chapter=8
Mr. Pratt's Patients
, passage=Afore we got to the shanty Colonel Applegate stuck his head out of the door. His temper
had been getting raggeder all the time, and the sousing he got when he fell overboard had just about ripped what was left of it to ravellings.}}
State of mind.
* 1719- (Daniel Defoe), (Robinson Crusoe)
The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities.
(obsolete) Constitution of body; the mixture or relative proportion of the four humours: blood, choler, phlegm, and melancholy.
- the temper of mortar
The heat treatment to which a metal or other material has been subjected; a material that has undergone a particular heat treatment.
Calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure.
- The exquisiteness of his [Christ's] bodily temper increased the exquisiteness of his torment.
* Alexander Pope
- to keep one's temper
* Ben Jonson
- To fall with dignity, with temper rise.
The state of a metal or other substance, especially as to its hardness, produced by some process of heating or cooling.
- Restore yourselves to your tempers , fathers.
Middle state or course; mean; medium.
- the temper of iron or steel
(sugar manufacture, historical) Milk of lime, or other substance, employed in the process formerly used to clarify sugar.
- The perfect lawgiver is a just temper between the mere man of theory, who can see nothing but general principles, and the mere man of business, who can see nothing but particular circumstances.
* lose one's temper
* short temper
* (tendency of mood) disposition
* (Heat treatment) quenching
To moderate or control.
To strengthen or toughen a material, especially metal, by heat treatment; anneal.
- Temper your language around children.
- Tempering is a heat treatment technique applied to metals, alloys, and glass to achieve greater toughness by increasing the strength of materials and/or ductility. Tempering is performed by a controlled reheating of the work piece to a temperature below its lower eutectic critical temperature.
To spices in ghee or oil to release essential oils for flavouring a dish in South Asian cuisine.
To mix clay, plaster or mortar with water to obtain the proper consistency.
(music) To adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual scale, or to that in actual use.
(obsolete, Latinism) To govern; to manage.
- The tempered metals clash, and yield a silver sound.
(archaic) To combine in due proportions; to constitute; to compose.
* 1610 , , act 3 scene 3
- With which the damned ghosts he governeth, / And furies rules, and Tartare tempereth .
- You fools! I and my fellows
- Are ministers of fate: the elements
- Of whom your swords are temper'd may as well
- Wound the loud winds, or with bemock'd-at stabs
- Kill the still-closing waters, as diminish
(archaic) To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage.
- One dowle that's in my plume;
- Puritan austerity was so tempered by Dutch indifference, that mercy itself could not have dictated a milder system.
- Woman! lovely woman! nature made thee / To temper man: we had been brutes without you.
- But thy fire / Shall be more tempered , and thy hope far higher.
(obsolete) To fit together; to adjust; to accommodate.
* Bible, Wisdom xvi. 21
- She [the Goddess of Justice] threw darkness and clouds about her, that tempered the light into a thousand beautiful shades and colours.
- Thy sustenance serving to the appetite of the eater, tempered itself to every man's liking.
a heavy rain
- They got caught in a downpour without an umbrella and came back soaked.
* rain cats and dogs
To pour down; rain heavily.
* 2002 , Patricia Koretchuk, Chasing the comet: a Scottish-Canadian life - Page 211 :
- It started to downpour , so Billy and I made our way back to our house, with Scotty following—or so I thought.