Surplus vs Dividend - What's the difference?

surplus | dividend |


As nouns the difference between surplus and dividend

is that surplus is that which remains when use or need is satisfied, or when a limit is reached; excess; overplus while dividend is dividend.

As an adjective surplus

is being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient; as, surplus revenues; surplus population; surplus words.

surplus

English

Noun

(en-noun)
  • That which remains when use or need is satisfied, or when a limit is reached; excess; overplus.
  • Specifically, an amount in the public treasury at any time greater than is required for the ordinary purposes of the government.
  • (legal) The remainder of a fund appropriated for a particular purpose.
  • (legal) assets left after liabilities and debts, including capital stock have been deducted.
  • Antonyms

    * lack * deficit

    Adjective

    (-)
  • Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient; as, surplus revenues; surplus population; surplus words.
  • * {{quote-magazine, title=A better waterworks, date=2013-06-01, volume=407, issue=8838
  • , page=5 (Technology Quarterly), magazine=(The Economist) citation , passage=An artificial kidney these days still means a refrigerator-sized dialysis machine. Such devices mimic the way real kidneys cleanse blood and eject impurities and surplus water as urine.}}

    dividend

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • (arithmetic) A number or expression that is to be divided by another.
  • In "42 ÷ 3" the dividend is the 42.
  • (finance) A pro rata payment of money by a company to its shareholders, usually made periodically (eg, quarterly or annually).
  • Hyponyms

    * regular dividend, special dividend

    See also

    * addition, summation: (augend) + (addend) = (summand) × (summand) = (sum, total) * subtraction: (minuend) ? (subtrahend) = (difference) * multiplication: (multiplier) × (multiplicand) = (factor) × (factor) = (product) * division: (dividend) ÷ (divisor) = (quotient), remainder left over if divisor does not divide dividend * numerator ----