(etyl) warnian, from (etyl) . Cognate with German warnen, Dutch waarnen.
To make (someone) aware of impending danger etc.
To caution (someone) against unwise or unacceptable behaviour.
- We waved a flag to warn the oncoming traffic.
- He was warned against crossing the railway tracks at night.
To notify (someone) of something untoward.
- Don't let me catch you running in the corridor again, I warn you.
To give warning.
* 1526 , William Tyndale, tr. Bible , Galatians II, 9-10:
- I phoned to warn him of the rail strike.
* 1973 , Thomas Pynchon, Gravity's Rainbow , Penguin 1995, p. 177:
- then Iames Cephas and Iohn [...] agreed with vs that we shuld preache amonge the Hethen and they amonge the Iewes: warnynge only that we shulde remember the poore.
* 1988 , Salman Rushdie, The Satanic Verses , Picador 2000, p. 496:
- She is his deepest innocence in spaces of bough and hay before wishes were given a different name to warn that they might not come true [...].
* 1991 , Clive James, ‘Making Programmes the World Wants’, The Dreaming Swimmer , Jonathan Cape 1992:
- She warned that he was seriously thinking of withdrawing his offer to part the waters, ‘so that all you'll get at the Arabian Sea is a saltwater bath [...]’.
- Every country has its resident experts who warn that imported television will destroy the national consciousness and replace it with Dallas'', ''The Waltons'', ''Star Trek'' and ''Twin Peaks .
* The intransitive sense is considered colloquial by some, and is explicitly proscribed by, for example, the Daily Telegraph style guide (which prefers give warning).
* warn off
From a combination of (etyl) wiernan (from (etyl) ; compare Swedish varna).
(label) To refuse, deny (someone something).
*:And yf thou warne' her loue she shalle goo dye anone yf thou haue no pyte on her / that sygnefyeth the grete byrd / the whiche shalle make the to ' warne her
(obsolete) To open up, unfasten.
* Francis Bacon
To uncover, physically expose to view.
- The ostrich layeth her eggs under sand, where the heat of the discloseth them.
* 1972 , Vladimir Nabokov, Transparent Things , McGraw-Hill 1972, p. 13:
- The shells being broken, the stone included in them is thereby disclosed and set at liberty.
To expose to the knowledge of others; to make known, state openly, reveal.
* Alexander Pope
- Its brown curtain was only half drawn, disclosing the elegant legs, clad in transparent black, of a female seated inside.
- Her lively looks a sprightly mind disclose .
- If I disclose my passion, / Our friendship's at an end.
* cover up
(obsolete) A disclosure