From dialectal English (m), (m), short for (m), . More at (l).
From (etyl) (m), (m), , from the adjective.
(obsolete) Straight, direct; near; short.
(obsolete) Suitable; convenient; ready.
(dialectal) Easy; tolerable; handy, dexterous.
(dialectal) Honest; respectable; moderate; cheap.
- the gainest way
(obsolete) Straightly; quickly; by the nearest way or means.
(dialectal) Suitably; conveniently; dexterously; moderately.
(dialectal) Tolerably; fairly.
- gain quiet (= fairly/pretty quiet)
From (etyl) (m), .
The Middle English word was reinforced by (etyl) . Related to (l), (l).
The act of gaining.
What one gains, as a return on investment or dividend.
- the lust of gain
- No pain, no gain .
(electronics) The factor by which a signal is multiplied.
- Everyone shall share in the gains .
To acquire possession of what one did not have before.
* Bible, Matthew xvi. 26
- Looks like you've gained a new friend.
* Alexander Pope
- What is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?
To have or receive advantage or profit; to acquire gain; to grow rich; to advance in interest, health, or happiness; to make progress.
- For fame with toil we gain , but lose with ease.
* Bible, Ezekiel xxii. 12
- The sick man gains daily.
(dated) To come off winner or victor in; to be successful in; to obtain by competition.
- Thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbours by extortion.
* 1883 , (Howard Pyle), (The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood)
- to gain''' a battle; to '''gain a case at law
To be more likely to catch or overtake an individual.
- Then they had bouts of wrestling and of cudgel play, so that every day they gained in skill and strength.
- I'm gaining (on you).
- gain ground
* 1907 , Jack London, The Iron Heel :
- to gain the top of a mountain
To draw into any interest or party; to win to one's side; to conciliate.
* Bible, Matthew xviii. 15
- Ernest laughed harshly and savagely when he had gained the street.
- If he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother.
To put on weight.
- to gratify the queen, and gain the court
(of a clock or watch) To run fast.
- I've been gaining .
Compare (etyl) .
(architecture) A square or bevelled notch cut out of a girder, binding joist, or other timber which supports a floor beam, so as to receive the end of the floor beam.
* (l), (l)
To be entitled to, as a result of past actions; to be worthy to have.
:After playing so well, the team really deserved their win .
:After what he did, he deserved to go to prison .
:This argument deserves a closer examination.
*Bible, Job xi. 6
*:God exacteth of thee less than thine iniquity deserveth .
*:John Gay deserved to be a favourite.
(obsolete) To earn, win.
*1590 , Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene , III.vii:
*:That gentle Lady, whom I loue and serue, / After long suit and weary seruicis, / Did aske me, how I could her loue deserue , / And how she might be sure, that I would neuer swerue.
(obsolete) To reward, to give in return for service.
*:Gramercy saide the kynge / & I lyue sir Lambegus I shal deserue hit / And thenne sir Lambegus armed hym / and rode after as fast as he myghte
(obsolete) To serve; to treat; to benefit.
*:A man that hath / So well deserved me.
* See also
* This is a catenative verb that takes the to infinitive . See