Immune vs Derived - What's the difference?

immune | derived |


As adjectives the difference between immune and derived

is that immune is exempt; not subject to while derived is (systematics) of, or pertaining to, conditions unique to the descendant species of a clade, and not found in earlier ancestral species.

As verbs the difference between immune and derived

is that immune is to make immune while derived is (derive).

As a noun immune

is (epidemiology) a person who is not susceptible to infection by a particular disease.

immune

English

Adjective

(en adjective)
  • Exempt; not subject to.
  • * '>citation
  • Protected by inoculation, or due to innate resistance to pathogens.
  • (by extension) Not vulnerable.
  • (medicine) Of or pertaining to the immune system.
  • * {{quote-magazine, year=2013, month=May-June, author= Katrina G. Claw
  • , title= Rapid Evolution in Eggs and Sperm , volume=101, issue=3, magazine=(American Scientist) , passage=Many genes with reproductive roles also have antibacterial and immune functions, which indicate that the threat of microbial attack on the sperm or egg may be a major influence on rapid evolution during reproduction.}}

    Antonyms

    * susceptible * vulnerable

    Derived terms

    * autoimmune

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • (epidemiology) A person who is not susceptible to infection by a particular disease
  • * {{quote-book, 1965, , Bacterial and Mycotic Infections of Man, editors=Rene J. Dubos & James G. Hirsch citation
  • , passage=Susceptibles effectively exposed to cases become cases in the next time period; cases recovering from the infection accumulate as immunes .}}

    Coordinate terms

    * infective * susceptible

    Verb

    (immun)
  • To make immune.
  • * (Thomas Hardy)
  • In the seventies those who met me did not know / Of the vision / That immuned me from the chillings of mis-prision
  • * 1905 , American Veterinary Medical Association, Journal (volume 29, page 42)
  • The utilization of such milk will, however, necessitate an adaptable milk preservation method, through which the immuning agents will not be destroyed or diminished.
    ----

    derived

    English

    Adjective

    (en adjective)
  • (systematics) Of, or pertaining to, conditions unique to the descendant species of a clade, and not found in earlier ancestral species.
  • (comparable, archaic, taxonomy) Possessing features believed to be more advanced or improved than those other organisms.
  • product of derivation
  • The French language is derived from Latin.

    Usage notes

    Modern systematics proscribes use of derived'' to mean "advanced", preferring to use ''derived to simply mean "changed from the ancestral state" without an evaluation of quality.

    See also

    * apomorphy

    Verb

    (head)
  • (derive)