(etyl) , later reinforced by (etyl) cel, (sele), (etyl) cele.
A single-room dwelling for a hermit.
* 1596 , (Edmund Spenser), The Faerie Queene , VI.6:
A small room in a monastery or nunnery accommodating one person.
- So, taking them apart into his cell , / He to that point fit speaches gan to frame […].
Each of the small hexagonal compartments in a honeycomb.
* 1858 , (Asa Gray), Introduction to Structural and Systematic Botany , fifth edition, p. 282:
- Gregor Mendel must have spent a good amount of time outside of his cell .
(obsolete) Specifically, any of the supposed compartments of the brain, formerly thought to be the source of specific mental capacities, knowledge, or memories.
* 1890 , (Oscar Wilde), The Picture of Dorian Gray , ch.XVI:
- Each of the two cells or lobes of the anther is marked with a lateral line or furrow, running from top to bottom.
A section or compartment of a larger structure.
- From cell' to ' cell of his brain crept the one thought; and the wild desire to live, most terrible of all man's appetites, quickened into force each trembling nerve and fibre.
* 1810 , (Walter Scott), Lady of the Lake , II:
- Thou seest but the order and policie of this little Cell .
A room in a prison for one or more inmates.
- Not long shall honour'd Douglas dwell, / Like hunted stag, in mountain-cell .
A device which stores electrical]] power; used either singly or together in [[battery, batteries; the basic unit of a battery.
- The combatants spent the night in separate cells .
(biology) The basic unit of a living organism, consisting of a quantity of protoplasm surrounded by a cell membrane, which is able to synthesize proteins and replicate itself.
* 1999 , Paul Brown & Dave King, The Guardian , 15 Feb 1999:
- This MP3 player runs on 2 AAA cells .
* 2011 , Terence Allen & Graham Cowling, The Cell: A Very Short Introduction , Oxford 2011, p. 3:
- An American company has applied to experiment in Britain on Parkinson's disease sufferers by injecting their brains with cells from pigs.
(meteorology) A small thunderstorm, caused by convection, that forms ahead of a storm front.
- In multicellular organisms, groups of cells form tissues and tissues come together to form organs.
(computing) The minimal unit of a cellular automaton that can change state and has an associated behavior.
- There is a powerful storm cell headed our way.
(card games) In FreeCell-type games, a space where one card can be placed.
A small group of people forming part of a larger organization, often an outlawed one.
- The upper right cell always starts with the color green.
(communication) A short, fixed-length packet as in .
- Those three fellows are the local cell of that organization.
(communication) A region of radio reception that is a part of a larger radio network.
- Virtual Channel number 5 received 170 cells .
(geometry) A three-dimensional facet of a polytope.
(statistics) The unit in a statistical array (a spreadsheet, for example) where a row and a column intersect.
(architecture) The space between the ribs of a vaulted roof.
(architecture) A cella.
(entomology) An area of an insect wing bounded by veins
- I get good reception in my home because it is near a cell tower.
In the sense of an electrical device, "cell" is the technically correct name for a single unit of battery-type power storage, whereas a battery is a device comprising multiple of them, though it is often used for simple cells.
* See also
(terms derived from "cell")
* battery cell
* blood cell
* brain cell
* cancer cell
* cell division
* cell house
* cell line
* cell membrane
* cell theory
* cell type
* dry cell
* fat cell
* fuel cell
* germ cell
* helper T cell
* host cell
* photoconductive cell
* photoelectric cell
* photoemissive cell
* photovoltaic cell
* prison cell
* nerve cell
* red cell
* red blood cell
* sickle cell
* skin cell
* solar cell
* stem cell
* T cell
From (cell phone), from (cellular phone), from (cellular) + (telephone)
(US, informal) A cellular phone.
* Widely used attributively.
The ingestion of cells by phagocytes