In vs On - What's the difference?

in | on |


As prepositions the difference between in and on

is that in is contained by while on is positioned at the upper surface of, touching from above or on can be without.

As adverbs the difference between in and on

is that in is (not comparable) located indoors, especially: at home or the office while on is to an operating state.

As adjectives the difference between in and on

is that in is in fashion; popular while on is in the state of being active, functioning or operating.

As a verb in

is (obsolete|transitive) to enclose; to take in; to harvest.

As a noun in

is a position of power or a way to get it or in can be inch.

in

English

Etymology 1

From (etyl), from (etyl) .

Preposition

(English prepositions)
  • # Contained by.
  • # Within.
  • #* {{quote-magazine, date=2013-08-03, volume=408, issue=8847, magazine=(The Economist)
  • , title= Boundary problems , passage=GDP measures the total value of output in an economic territory.}}
  • # Surrounded by.
  • # Part of; a member of.
  • # Pertaining to (that particular thing).
  • # At the end of a period of time.
  • # Within a certain elapsed time
  • # During (said of periods of time).
  • Into.
  • * {{quote-news, year=2011, date=January 8, author=Paul Fletcher, work=BBC
  • , title= Stevenage 3-1 Newcastle , passage=The ball was accidentally kicked in Kevin Nolan's face in the opening seconds of the contest - an incident that set the tone for an extremely uncomfortable encounter for the Premier League side. }}
  • * 1898 , , (Moonfleet) Chapter 4
  • In returning to the vault, I had no very sure purpose in mind; only a vague surmise that this finding of Blackbeard's coffin would somehow lead to the finding of his treasure.
  • #
  • #
  • #
  • # (of something offered or given in an exchange) In the form of, in the denomination of.
  • Her generosity was rewarded in the success of its recipients.
  • #* 2014 , Carla Bethmann, Clean, Friendly, Profitable?: Tourism , page 114:
  • tourists sometimes attempt to pay in euros or British pounds.
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • ##
  • #
  • Verb

  • (obsolete) To enclose; to take in; to harvest.
  • * Shakespeare
  • He that ears my land spares my team and gives me leave to in the crop.

    Etymology 2

    (etyl) inne

    Adverb

    (-)
  • (lb) Located indoors, especially at home or the office, or inside something.
  • :
  • Moving to the interior of a defined space, such as a building or room.
  • :
  • *
  • *:Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in , the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill.
  • (lb) Still eligible to play, e.g. able to bat in cricket and baseball.
  • :
  • (lb) Abbreviation of in aid of.
  • :
  • After the beginning of something.
  • *{{quote-news, year=2011, date=October 1, author=Phil Dawkes, work=BBC Sport
  • , title= Sunderland 2-2 West Brom , passage=The Black Cats had a mountain to climb after James Morrison's header and Shane Long's neat side-foot finish gave Albion a 2-0 lead five minutes in .}}

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • A position of power or a way to get it.
  • His parents got him an in with the company
  • (sport) The state of a batter/batsman who is currently batting – see innings
  • A re-entrant angle; a nook or corner.
  • Antonyms
    * out

    Adjective

    (en adjective)
  • In fashion; popular.
  • Skirts are in this year.
  • Incoming.
  • the in train''
  • (nautical, of the sails of a vessel) Furled or stowed.
  • (legal) With privilege or possession; used to denote a holding, possession, or seisin.
  • in''' by descent; '''in''' by purchase; '''in of the seisin of her husband
    (Burrill)

    Etymology 3

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • Inch.
  • Statistics

    *

    References

    * Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "Bounded landmarks", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition , Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8

    on

    English

    Etymology 1

    From (etyl) (m), from (etyl) (m), , see (m).

    Adjective

    (-)
  • In the state of being active, functioning or operating.
  • Performing according to schedule.
  • Are we still on for tonight?
    Is the show still on ?
  • (UK, informal) Acceptable, appropriate.
  • right on'''''; ''bang '''on'''''; ''not '''on
  • (informal) Destined, normally in the context of a challenge being accepted; involved, doomed.
  • "Five bucks says the Cavs win tonight." ?"You're on !"
    Mike just threw coffee onto Paul's lap. It's on now.
  • (baseball, informal) Having reached a base as a runner and being positioned there, awaiting further action from a subsequent batter.
  • Synonyms
    * base (not informal)

    Adverb

    (-)
  • To an operating state.
  • turn the television on
  • Along, forwards (continuing an action).
  • drive on''', rock '''on
  • * {{quote-news
  • , year=2012 , date=May 5 , author=Phil McNulty , title=Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool , work=BBC Sport , url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/17878435 , page= , passage=He met Luis Suarez's cross at the far post, only for Chelsea keeper Petr Cech to show brilliant reflexes to deflect his header on to the bar. Carroll turned away to lead Liverpool's insistent protests that the ball had crossed the line but referee Phil Dowd and assistant referee Andrew Garratt waved play on , with even a succession of replays proving inconclusive.}}
  • In continuation, at length.
  • and so on .
    He rambled on''' and '''on .
  • (cricket) In, or towards the half of the field on the same side as the batsman's legs; the left side for a right-handed batsman; leg.
  • (not US) Later.
  • Ten years on nothing had changed in the village.
    Antonyms
    * off * (to an operating state) off * (later) after, afterward/afterwards, later, subsequently, thence

    Preposition

    (English prepositions)
  • Positioned at the upper surface of, touching from above.
  • * Longfellow
  • I stood on the bridge at midnight.
  • At or near; adjacent to.
  • Soon we'll pass a statue on the left.
    The fleet is on the American coast.
  • Covering.
  • At the date of.
  • Some time during the day of.
  • Dealing with the subject of, about, or concerning something.
  • Touching; hanging from.
  • (informal) In the possession of.
  • Because of, or due to.
  • Immediately after.
  • Paid for by.
  • *
  • , title=(The Celebrity), chapter=4 , passage=Mr. Cooke at once began a tirade against the residents of Asquith for permitting a sandy and generally disgraceful condition of the roads. So roundly did he vituperate the inn management in particular, and with such a loud flow of words, that I trembled lest he should be heard on the veranda.}}
  • Away or occupied with (e.g. a scheduled activity).
  • Denoting performance or action by contact with the surface, upper part, or outside of anything; hence, by means of; with.
  • to play on a violin or piano
    Her words made a lasting impression on my mind.
  • (senseid) Regularly taking (a drug).
  • (senseid) Under the influence of (a drug).
  • (mathematics) Having identical domain and codomain.
  • a function on V
  • (mathematics) Having V^n as domain and V'' as codomain, for some set ''V'' and integer ''n .
  • an operator on V
  • (mathematics) Generated by.
  • Supported by (the specified part of itself).
  • At a given time after the start of something; .
  • * {{quote-news, year=2011, date=September 24, author=Aled Williams, work=BBC Sport
  • , title=[http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/eng_prem/14957961.stm Chelsea 4-1 Swansea] , passage=The Spain striker had given Chelsea the lead on 29 minutes but was shown a straight red card 10 minutes later for a rash challenge on Mark Gower.}}
  • In addition to; besides; indicating multiplication or succession in a series.
  • heaps on heaps of food
    mischief on''' mischief; loss '''on loss
    (Shakespeare)
  • (obsolete) of
  • * Shakespeare
  • Be not jealous on me.
  • * Shakespeare
  • Or have we eaten on the insane root / That takes the reason prisoner?
  • Indicating dependence or reliance; with confidence in.
  • I depended on them for assistance.
    He will promise on certain conditions.
    Do you ever bet on horses?
  • Toward; for; indicating the object of an emotion.
  • Have pity or compassion on him.
  • (obsolete) At the peril of, or for the safety of.
  • * Dryden
  • Hence, on thy life.
  • In the service of; connected with; of the number of.
  • He is on''' a newspaper; I am '''on the committee.
  • By virtue of; with the pledge of.
  • He affirmed or promised on''' his word, or '''on his honour.
  • To the account of; denoting imprecation or invocation, or coming to, falling, or resting upon.
  • On us be all the blame.
    A curse on him!
  • * Bible, Matthew xxvii. 25
  • His blood be on' us and ' on our children.
    Derived terms
    * depend on * on-campus * put on airs *

    Verb

    (en verb)
  • (Singapore) To switch on.
  • Can you on the light?
    Synonyms
    *

    Etymology 2

    From (etyl) .

    Alternative forms

    * (l)

    Preposition

    (English prepositions)
  • Without.
  • Usage notes
    * Usually followed by a perfect participle, as being'', ''having , etc.

    Statistics

    *