Knowledge vs Conscience - What's the difference?

knowledge | conscience |

As a proper noun knowledge

is a course of study which must be completed by prospective london taxi drivers; consists of 320 routes through central london and many significant places.

As a noun conscience is

the moral sense of right and wrong, chiefly as it affects one's own behaviour.


Alternative forms

* (obsolete) knolege, knowlage, knowleche, knowledg, knowlege, knowliche, knowlych, knowlech * knaulege, knaulage, knawlage * knoleche, knoleige, knowlache, knolych * knawlache


  • (obsolete) Acknowledgement.
  • The fact of knowing about something; general understanding or familiarity with a subject, place, situation etc.
  • * {{quote-magazine, date=2013-08-03, volume=408, issue=8847, magazine=(The Economist)
  • , title= The machine of a new soul , passage=The yawning gap in neuroscientists’ understanding of their topic is in the intermediate scale of the brain’s anatomy. Science has a passable knowledge of how individual nerve cells, known as neurons, work. It also knows which visible lobes and ganglia of the brain do what. But how the neurons are organised in these lobes and ganglia remains obscure.}}
  • Awareness of a particular fact or situation; a state of having been informed or made aware of something.
  • * 1813 , (Jane Austen), (Pride and Prejudice) :
  • He had always intended to visit him, though to the last always assuring his wife that he should not go; and till the evening after the visit was paid she had no knowledge of it.
  • Intellectual understanding; the state of appreciating truth or information.
  • Familiarity or understanding of a particular skill, branch of learning etc.
  • * 1573 , George Gascoigne, "The Adventures of Master F.J.", An Anthology of Elizabethan Prose Fiction :
  • Every time that he had knowledge of her he would leave, either in the bed, or in her cushion-cloth, or by her looking-glass, or in some place where she must needs find it, a piece of money.
  • (obsolete) Information or intelligence about something; notice.
  • * 1580 , Edward Hayes, "Sir Humphrey Gilbert's Voyage to Newfoundland", Voyages and Travels Ancient and Modern , ed. Charles W Eliot, Cosimo 2005, p. 280:
  • Item, if any ship be in danger, every man to bear towards her, answering her with one light for a short time, and so to put it out again; thereby to give knowledge that they have seen her token.
  • The total of what is known; all information and products of learning.
  • (countable) Something that can be known; a branch of learning; a piece of information; a science.
  • *, II.12:
  • *:he weakened his braines much, as all men doe, who over nicely and greedily will search out those knowledges , which hang not for their mowing, nor pertaine unto them.
  • * Francis Bacon
  • There is a great difference in the delivery of the mathematics, which are the most abstracted of knowledges .
  • (obsolete) Notice, awareness.
  • * 1611 , The Bible, Authorized Version, Ruth II.10:
  • Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a stranger?
  • (UK, informal) The deep familiarity with certain routes and places of interest required by taxicab drivers working in London, England.
  • * Malcolm Bobbitt, Taxi! - The Story of the London Cab
  • There is only one sure way to memorise the runs and that is to follow them, either on foot, cycle or motor cycle; hence, the familiar sight of would-be cabbies learning the knowledge during evenings and weekends.


    * 1996 , Jan Jindy Pettman, Worlding Women: A feminist international politics , pages ix-x: *: There are by now many feminisms (Tong, 1989; Humm, 1992)..

    Usage notes

    * Adjectives often used with “knowledge”: extensive, deep, superficial, theoretical, practical, useful, working, encyclopedic, public, private, scientific, tacit, explicit, general, specialized, special, broad, declarative, procedural, innate, etc.

    Derived terms

    (terms derived from knowledge) * acknowledge * background knowledge * carnal knowledge * common knowledge * foreknowledge * general knowledge * interknowledge * knowledgeable or knowledgable * knowledge base * knowledge domain * knowledge engineer * knowledge is power * knowledge management * knowledge worker * metaknowledge * prior knowledge * protoknowledge * public knowledge * scientific knowledge * self-knowledge * sphere of knowledge * theory of knowledge * traditional knowledge * tree of knowledge * working knowledge * zero-knowledge proof


    * awareness * cognizance * * knowingness * learning


    * ignorance


  • (obsolete) To confess as true; to acknowledge.
  • * 1526 , Bible , tr. William Tyndale, Matthew 3:
  • Then went oute to hym Jerusalem, and all Jury, and all the region rounde aboute Jordan, and were baptised of hym in Jordan, knoledging their synnes.

    See also

    * data * erudition * information * know-how * perception * wisdom





    (en noun)
  • The moral sense of right and wrong, chiefly as it affects one's own behaviour.
  • * 1949 , , as quoted by Virgil Henshaw in Albert Einstein: Philosopher Scientist ,
  • Never do anything against conscience , even if the state demands it.
  • * 1951 , (Isaac Asimov), publication), part V: “The Merchant Princes”, chapter 14, page 175, ¶ 7
  • [“]Twer is not a friend of mine testifying against me reluctantly and for conscience ’ sake, as the prosecution would have you believe. He is a spy, performing his paid job.[”]
  • * {{quote-book, year=1963, author=(Margery Allingham), title=(The China Governess)
  • , chapter=18 citation , passage=‘Then the father has a great fight with his terrible conscience ,’ said Munday with granite seriousness. ‘Should he make a row with the police […]? Or should he say nothing about it and condone brutality for fear of appearing in the newspapers?}}
  • (chiefly fiction) A personification of the moral sense of right and wrong, usually in the form of a person, a being or merely a voice that gives moral lessons and advices.
  • (obsolete) Consciousness; thinking; awareness, especially self-awareness.
  • * 1603 , (William Shakespeare), (Hamlet) , act 3, scene 1,
  • Thus conscience does make cowards of us all;
    And thus the native hue of resolution
    Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought.

    Usage notes

    * Adjectives often used with "conscience": good, bad, guilty. * Phrases: To make conscience of, To make a matter of conscience, to act according to the dictates of conscience concerning (any matter), or to scruple to act contrary to its dictates.

    Derived terms

    * consciencelike * conscience money * conscience vote * conscientious * make conscience * pang of conscience

    See also

    * synteresis