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What is the difference between concretization and abstraction?

concretization | abstraction |

Abstraction is a antonym of concretization.

As nouns the difference between concretization and abstraction

is that concretization is the process of concretizing a general principle or idea by delineating, particularizing, or exemplifying it while abstraction is the act of abstracting, separating, withdrawing, or taking away; withdrawal; the state of being taken away.



Alternative forms

* concretisation


  • (uncountable) The process of concretizing]] a general principle or idea by delineating, [[particularize, particularizing, or exemplifying it.
  • * 1934 , J. Tinbergen, "Annual Survey of Significant Developments in General Economic Theory," Econometrica , vol. 2, no. 1, p. 25:
  • There are certain fields in general economics that are at present not so much in need of a broadening of the theoretical basis as in need of a minute working-out and concretization .
  • * 1961 , H. Kelsen, General Theory of Law and State , p. 237:
  • [Law] proceeds from the general (abstract) to the individual (particular); it is a process of increasing individualization and concretization .
  • (countable) Something specific which is the result of a process of concretizing a general principle or idea.
  • * 1979 , Trudy Scott, "Stuart Sherman's Singular Spectacles," The Drama Review: TDR , vol. 23, no. 1, p. 75:
  • This movement gave Sherman his first image—a roller skate—a concretization of pure motion.
  • * 1993 , Lubomír Doležel, "Semiotic Poetics of the Prague School," in Irene Rima Makaryk (ed.) Encyclopedia of Contemporary Literary Theory: Approaches, Scholars, Terms , ISBN 9780802068606, p. 182 (Google preview):
  • Vodicka's reception history is an empirical study of the post-genesis fortunes of literary works as attested in recorded concretizations (diaries, memoirs, letters, critical reviews, and essays).
  • (uncountable, medicine, psychology) An inability to generalize or perform abstraction accompanied by excessive concentration on specific details, as in a mental disorder or in cognition by children.
  • * 1969 , E. Drage and B. Lange, "Ethical Considerations in the Use of Patients for Demonstration," The American Journal of Nursing , vol. 69, no. 10, p. 2165:
  • Another [patient] commented on the fact that the consultant had referred to two of them as "boys" in the demonstration. The concretization of a schizophrenic is exemplified here. One man thought this word meant that the consultant, in order "to keep things on the level of boy-girl, wanted everyone else to consider her as a girl, so the boys and girls could communicate."

    Usage notes

    * Concretization' and '''concretion''' are rough synonyms but are usually not used interchangeably. '''Concretization''' is more commonly used to refer to a particular embodiment of a general concept or to the process which creates it. ' Concretion is more commonly used to refer to a physical, especially geological, object or to the physical process which creates it.


    * abstraction


    *" concretization" at OneLook® Dictionary Search .




  • The act of abstracting, separating, withdrawing, or taking away; withdrawal; the state of being taken away.
  • * 1848 , , Principles of Political Economy with some of their Applications to Social Philosophy :
  • The cancelling of the debt would be no destruction of wealth, but a transfer of it: a wrongful abstraction of wealth from certain members of the community, for the profit of the government, or of the tax-payers.
  • # (euphemistic) The taking surreptitiously for one's own use part of the property of another; purloining.
  • # (engineering) Removal of water from a river, lake, or aquifer.
  • A separation from worldly objects; a recluse life, as a hermit's abstraction ; the withdrawal from one's senses.
  • The act of focusing on one characteristic of an object rather than the object as a whole group of characteristics; the act of separating said qualities from the object or ideas.
  • * W. Hamilton, in Lectures on Metaphysics and Logic (1860), Lecture XXXV, page 474:
  • Abstraction is no positive act: it is simply the negative of attention.
    Abstraction is necessary for the classification of things into genera and species.
  • The act of comparing commonality between distinct objects and organizing using those similarities; the act of generalizing characteristics; the product of said generalization.
  • An idea or notion of an abstract or theoretical nature.
  • to fight for mere abstractions .
  • Absence or absorption of mind; inattention to present objects; preoccupation.
  • (art) An abstract creation, or piece of art; qualities of artwork that are free from representational aspects.
  • (chemistry) A separation of volatile parts by the act of distillation.
  • An idea of an unrealistic or visionary nature.
  • The result of mentally abstracting an idea; the results of said process.
  • (geology) The merging of two river valleys by the larger of the two deepening and widening so much so, as to assimilate the smaller.
  • (computing) Any generalization technique that ignores or hides details to capture some kind of commonality between different instances for the purpose of controlling the intellectual complexity of engineered systems, particularly software systems.
  • (computing) Any intellectual construct produced through the technique of abstraction.
  • Antonyms

    * (the act of generalization) specialization * (mentally abstracting) concretization

    Derived terms

    * abstractional * abstractionism * abstractionist * abstractive