Over vs Cast - What's the difference?

over | cast |

As an adverb over

is , above.

As a preposition over

is over.

As a noun cast is

moment or cast can be luck, fortune.



(wikipedia over)


(en adjective)
  • Finished; ended or concluded.
  • The show is over .

    Derived terms



  • Thoroughly; completely; from beginning to end.
  • * 1661 , , The Life of the most learned, reverend and pious Dr. H. Hammond
  • During the whole time of his abode in the university he generally spent thirteen hours of the day in study; by which assiduity besides an exact dispatch of the whole course of philosophy, he read over in a manner all classic authors that are extant
  • From an upright position to being horizontal.
  • Horizontally; left to right or right to left.
  • From one position or state to another.
  • Overnight (throughout the night).
  • Again; another time; once more; over again.
  • Noun

    (en noun)
  • (cricket) A set of six legal balls bowled.
  • Any surplus amount of money, goods delivered, etc.
  • * 2008 , G. Puttick, Sandy van Esch, The Principles and Practice of Auditing (page 609)
  • ...standard cash count forms used to record the count and any overs or unders.


    (English prepositions)
  • Physical positioning.
  • # On top of; above; higher than; further up.
  • #* (Henry Wadsworth Longfellow) (1807-1882)
  • Over them gleamed far off the crimson banners of morning.
  • #* {{quote-magazine, year=2013, month=September-October, author=(Henry Petroski)
  • , magazine=(American Scientist), title= The Evolution of Eyeglasses , passage=The ability of a segment of a glass sphere to magnify whatever is placed before it was known around the year 1000, when the spherical segment was called a reading stone,
  • # Across or spanning.
  • #* (Francis Bacon) (1561-1626)
  • Certain lakespoison birds which fly over them.
  • #* , chapter=3
  • , title= Mr. Pratt's Patients , passage=My hopes wa'n't disappointed. I never saw clams thicker than they was along them inshore flats. I filled my dreener in no time, and then it come to me that 'twouldn't be a bad idee to get a lot more, take 'em with me to Wellmouth, and peddle 'em out. Clams was fairly scarce over that side of the bay and ought to fetch a fair price.}}
  • #* {{quote-magazine, date=2013-06-29, volume=407, issue=8842, page=72-3, magazine=(The Economist)
  • , title= A punch in the gut , passage=Mostly, the microbiome is beneficial. It helps with digestion and enables people to extract a lot more calories from their food than would otherwise be possible. Research over the past few years, however, has implicated it in diseases from atherosclerosis to asthma to autism.}}
  • # In such a way as to cover.
  • # From one physical position to another via an obstacle that must be traversed vertically, first upwards and then downwards.
  • By comparison.
  • # More than; to a greater degree.
  • # Beyond; past; exceeding; too much or too far.
  • # (label) As compared to.
  • (label) Divided by.
  • Finished with; done with; from one state to another via a hindrance that must be solved or defeated; or via a third state that represents a significant difference from the first two.
  • While]] using, (especially) while [[consume, consuming.
  • * 1990 , (Seymour Chatman), Coming to Terms , , ISBN 0801497361, page 100[http://books.google.com/books?id=loD1JXOtmTYC&pg=PA100&dq=relax]:
  • Six diners in business clothes—five attractive young women and a balding middle-aged man—relax over cigarettes.
  • * 1998 , Marian Swerdlow, Underground Woman , , ISBN 1566396107, page 88 [http://books.google.com/books?id=jIK3DGkOwYkC&pg=PA88&dq=croissants]:
  • Sunday had been my favorite day at Woodlawn. A long W.A.A. [="work as assigned" period], having coffee and croissants with Mark over the Sunday Times .
  • * 2009 , Sara Pennypacker, The Great Egyptian Grave Robbery , , ISBN 9780545207867, page 79:
  • Over meatloaf and mashed potatoes (being careful not to talk with his mouth full), Stanley told about his adventure.
  • Concerning or regarding.
  • * {{quote-magazine, date=2013-08-10, volume=408, issue=8848, magazine=(The Economist)
  • , title= Can China clean up fast enough? , passage=It has jailed environmental activists and is planning to limit the power of judicial oversight by handing a state-approved body a monopoly over bringing environmental lawsuits.}}
  • Above, implying superiority after a contest; in spite of; notwithstanding.
  • Usage notes

    When used in the context of "from one location to another", over'' implies that the two places are at approximately the same height or the height difference is not relevant. For example, if two offices are on the same floor of a building, an office worker might say ''I'll bring that over''' for you'', while if the offices were on different floors, the sentence would likely be ''I'll bring that up [down] for you.'' However, distances are not constrained, e.g. ''He came '''over''' from England last year and now lives in Los Angeles'' or ''I moved the stapler '''over to the other side of my desk.


    (en interjection)
  • In radio communications: end of sentence, ready to receive reply.
  • How do you receive? Over !


    * Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "The semantic network for over''", in ''The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition , Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8






  • To move, or be moved, away.
  • #
  • #* c. 1430' (reprinted '''1888 ), Thomas Austin, ed., ''Two Fifteenth-century Cookery-books. Harleian ms. 279 (ab. 1430), & Harl. ms. 4016 (ab. 1450), with Extracts from Ashmole ms. 1429, Laud ms. 553, & Douce ms. 55 [Early English Text Society, Original Series; 91], London: 374760, page 11:
  • Soupes dorye. — Take gode almaunde mylke
  • #*1623 , (William Shakespeare), (The Two Gentlemen of Verona) :
  • #*:Why then a Ladder quaintly made of Cords / To cast vp, with a paire of anchoring hookes, / Would serue to scale another Hero's towre.
  • #*1760 , (Laurence Sterne), , p.262:
  • #*:The more, an' please your honour, the pity, said the Corporal; in uttering which, he cast his spade into the wheelbarrow.
  • #To throw forward (a fishing line, net etc.) into the sea.
  • #*1526 , (Bible) , tr. (William Tyndale), (w) 4:
  • #*:As Jesus walked by the see off Galile, he sawe two brethren: Simon which was called Peter, and Andrew his brother, castynge a neet into the see (for they were fisshers).
  • #Specifically, to throw down or aside.
  • #*, II.xii:
  • #*:So she to Guyon offred it to tast; / Who taking it out of her tender hond, / The cup to ground did violently cast , / That all in peeces it was broken fond.
  • #*1611 , (Bible) , Authorized Version, (w) VI.30:
  • #*:it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.
  • #*1930 , "Sidar the Madman", Time , 19 Dec.:
  • #*:Near Puerto Limon, Costa Rica, Madman, co-pilot and plane were caught in a storm, cast into the Caribbean, drowned.
  • #*2009 , (Hilary Mantel), (Wolf Hall) , Fourth Estate, 2010, p.316:
  • #*:Her bow is not to her liking. In a temper, she casts it on the grass.
  • #(label) To throw off (the skin) as a process of growth; to shed the hair or fur of the coat.
  • #
  • #*1822 , "Life of Donald McBane", (w, Blackwood's Magazine) , vol.12, p.745:
  • #*:when the serjeant saw me, he cast his coat and put it on me, and they carried me on their shoulders to a village where the wounded were and our surgeons.
  • #*2002 , Jess Cartner-Morley, "How to Wear Clothes", The Guardian , 2 March:
  • #*:You know the saying, "Ne'er cast a clout till May is out"? Well, personally, I'm bored of my winter clothes by March.
  • #(label) To heave the lead and line in order to ascertain the depth of water.
  • #(label) To vomit.
  • #*(Ben Jonson) (1572-1637)
  • #*:These versesmake me ready to cast .
  • #(label) To throw up, as a mound, or rampart.
  • #*(Bible), (w) xix.48
  • #*:Thine enemies shall cast a trench [bank] about thee.
  • #(label) To throw out or emit; to exhale.
  • #* (1665-1728)
  • #*:Thiscasts a sulphureous smell.
  • To direct (one's eyes, gaze etc.).
  • *1595 , (William Shakespeare), :
  • *:To whom do Lyons cast their gentle Lookes? Not to the Beast, that would vsurpe their Den.
  • *1813 , (Jane Austen), (Pride and Prejudice) , I.11:
  • *:She then yawned again, threw aside her book, and cast her eyes round the room in quest of some amusement.
  • *{{quote-book, year=1959, author=(Georgette Heyer), title=(The Unknown Ajax), chapter=1
  • , passage=But Richmond, his grandfather's darling, after one thoughtful glance cast under his lashes at that uncompromising countenance appeared to lose himself in his own reflections.}}
  • To add up (a column of figures, accounts etc.); cross-cast refers to adding up a row of figures.
  • *1594 , (William Shakespeare), :
  • *:The Clearke of Chartam: hee can write and / reade, and cast accompt.
  • *, II.17:
  • *:I cannot yet cast account either with penne or Counters.
  • *1719 , (Daniel Defoe), (Robinson Crusoe)
  • *:I cast up the notches on my post, and found I had been on shore three hundred and sixty-five days.
  • To predict, to decide, to plan.
  • #(label) To calculate the astrological value of (a horoscope, birth etc.).
  • #*, vol.1, New York Review of Books, 2001, p.309:
  • #*:he isa perfect astrologer, that can cast the rise and fall of others, and mark their errant motions to his own use.
  • #*1971 , , Religion and the Decline of Magic , Folio Society, 2012, p.332:
  • #*:John Gadbury confessed that Mrs Cellier, ‘the Popish Midwife’, had asked him to cast the King's nativity, although the astrology claimed to have refused to do so.
  • #*1985 , (Lawrence Durrell), (Quinx) , Faber & Faber 2004 (Avignon Quintet), p.1197:
  • #*:He did the washing up and stayed behind to watch the dinner cook while she hopped off with a friend to have her horoscope cast by another friend.
  • #(label) To plan, intend.
  • #*, Book VII.2:
  • #*:"Fayre damesell, I thanke you hartely," seyde Sir Launcelot, "but truly," seyde he, "I caste me never to be wedded man."
  • #*1590 , (Edmund Spenser), (The Faerie Queene) , II.i:
  • #*:I wrapt my selfe in Palmers weed, / And cast to seeke him forth through daunger and great dreed.
  • #* (1628–1699)
  • #*:The cloisterhad, I doubt not, been cast for [an orange-house].
  • #(label) To assign (a role in a play or performance).
  • #:
  • #(label) To assign a role in a play or performance to (an actor).
  • #:
  • #To consider; to turn or revolve in the mind; to plan.
  • #:
  • #*(Bible), (w) i.29
  • #*:Shecast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be.
  • #(label) To impose; to bestow; to rest.
  • #*(William Shakespeare) (1564-1616)
  • #*:The government I cast upon my brother.
  • #*(Bible), (Psalms) iv. 22
  • #*:Cast thy burden upon the Lord.
  • #(label) To defeat in a lawsuit; to decide against; to convict.
  • #:
  • #* (1773-1850)
  • #*:She was cast to be hanged.
  • #*Dr. (Henry More) (1614-1687)
  • #*:Were the case referred to any competent judge, they would inevitably be cast .
  • #To turn (the balance or scale); to overbalance; hence, to make preponderate; to decide.
  • #:
  • #*(Robert South) (1634–1716)
  • #*:How much interest casts the balance in cases dubious!
  • To perform, bring forth (a magical spell or enchantment).
  • To throw (light etc.) on or upon something, or in a given direction.
  • *1950 , "A Global View", Time , 24 April:
  • *:The threat of Russian barbarism sweeping over the free world will cast its ominous shadow over us for many, many years.
  • *1960 , (Lawrence Durrell), :
  • *:A sudden thought cast a gloom over his countenance.
  • (label) To give birth to (a child) prematurely; to miscarry.
  • *, Folio Society, 2006, vol.1, p.98:
  • *:being with childe, they may without feare of accusation, spoyle and cast their children, with certaine medicaments, which they have only for that purpose.
  • *1646 , Sir (Thomas Browne), (Pseudodoxia Epidemica) , V.20:
  • *:The abortion of a woman they describe by an horse kicking a wolf; because a mare will cast her foal if she tread in the track of that animal.
  • To shape (molten metal etc.) by pouring into a mould; to make (an object) in such a way.
  • *1923 , "Rodin's Death", Time , 24 March:
  • *:One copy of the magnificent caveman, The Thinker, of which Rodin cast several examples in bronze, is seated now in front of the Detroit Museum of Art, where it was placed last autumn.
  • # To stereotype or electrotype.
  • To twist or warp (of fabric, timber etc.).
  • *(Joseph Moxon) (1627-1691)
  • *:Stuff is said to cast or warp whenit alters its flatness or straightness.
  • (label) To bring the bows of a sailing ship on to the required tack just as the anchor is weighed by use of the headsail; to bring (a ship) round.
  • To deposit (a ballot or voting paper); to formally register (one's vote).
  • (label) To change a variable type from, for example, integer to real, or integer to text.
  • :
  • (label) Of dogs, hunters: to spread out and search for a scent.
  • *1955 , (William Golding), , Faber and Faber, 2005, p.50:
  • *:He clambered on to an apron of rock that held its area out to the sun and began to cast across it. The direction of the wind changed and the scent touched him again.
  • (label) To set (a bone etc.) in a cast.
  • (some are still missing examples)
  • (label) To open a circle in order to begin a spell or meeting of witches.
  • Derived terms

    * cast away * cast iron * cast off * cast on * castable * casting call * casting couch * casting director * cast the first stone * continuous casting * cross-cast * ne'er cast a clout til May be out * the die is cast


    (en noun)
  • An act of throwing.
  • Something which has been thrown, dispersed etc.
  • * Dryden
  • a cast of dreadful dust
  • A small mass of earth "thrown off" or excreted by a worm.
  • The area near the stream was covered with little bubbly worm casts .''
  • The collective group of actors performing a play or production together. Contrasted with crew.
  • He’s in the cast of Oliver.
    The cast was praised for a fine performance.
  • The casting procedure.
  • The men got into position for the cast , two at the ladle, two with long rods, all with heavy clothing.
  • An object made in a mould.
  • The cast would need a great deal of machining to become a recognizable finished part.
  • A supportive and immobilising device used to help mend broken bones.
  • The doctor put a cast on the boy’s broken arm.
  • The mould used to make cast objects
  • A plaster cast was made of his face .
  • (hawking) The number of hawks (or occasionally other birds) cast off at one time; a pair.
  • * 1596 , (Edmund Spenser), The Faerie Queene , VI.7:
  • As when a cast of Faulcons make their flight / An an Herneshaw, that lyes aloft on wing […].
  • A squint.
  • * 1847 , John Churchill, A manual of the principles and practice of ophthalmic medicine and surgery , p. 389, paragraph 1968:
  • The image of the affected eye is clearer and in consequence the diplopy more striking the less the cast of the eye; hence the double vision will be noticed by the patient before the misdirection of the eye attracts the attention of those about him.
  • * 2011 , Thomas Penn, Winter King , Penguin 2012, p. 7:
  • Arriving in Brittany, the Woodville exiles found a sallow young man, with dark hair curled in the shoulder-length fashion of the time and a penchant for expensively dyed black clothes, whose steady gaze was made more disconcerting by a cast in his left eye – such that while one eye looked at you, the other searched for you.
  • Visual appearance.
  • Her features had a delicate cast to them.
  • *
  • *
  • The form of one's thoughts, mind etc.
  • * 1992 , (Hilary Mantel), A Place of Greater Safety , Harper Perennial 2007, p. 330:
  • I have read all her articles and come to admire both her elegant turn of phrase and the noble cast of mind which inspires it; but never, I confess, did I look to see beauty and wit so perfectly united.
  • An animal, especially a horse, that is unable to rise without assistance.
  • Animal and insect remains which have been regurgitated by a bird.
  • A group of crabs.
  • Statistics