An expression of grief, suffering, or sadness.
A song expressing grief.
* (l) (rare)
To express grief; to weep or wail; to mourn.
* Bible, John xvi. 20
To feel great sorrow or regret; to bewail.
* 2014 , , "
- Ye shall weep and lament , but the world shall rejoice.
Southampton hammer eight past hapless Sunderland in barmy encounter", The Guardian , 18 October 2014:
- By the end, Sunderland were lucky to lose by the same scoreline Northampton Town suffered against Southampton, in 1921. The Sunderland manager, Gus Poyet, lamented that it was “the most embarrassed I’ve ever been on a football pitch, without a doubt”.
- One laughed at follies, one lamented crimes.
From (etyl) burden, birden, burthen, birthen, byrthen, from (etyl) byrden, .
* burthen (archaic)
A heavy load.
* 1898 , , (Moonfleet) Chapter 4
A responsibility, onus.
A cause of worry; that which is grievous, wearisome, or oppressive.
* Jonathan Swift
- There were four or five men in the vault already, and I could hear more coming down the passage, and guessed from their heavy footsteps that they were carrying burdens .
The capacity of a vessel, or the weight of cargo that she will carry.
- Deaf, giddy, helpless, left alone, / To all my friends a burden grown.
(mining) The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin.
(metalworking) The proportion of ore and flux to fuel, in the charge of a blast furnace.
- a ship of a hundred tons burden
A fixed quantity of certain commodities.
(obsolete, rare) A birth.
- A burden of gad steel is 120 pounds.
- That bore thee at a burden two fair sons
To encumber with a burden (in any of the noun senses of the word ).
* Bible, 2 Corinthians viii. 13
- to burden a nation with taxes
- I mean not that other men be eased, and ye burdened .
To impose, as a load or burden; to lay or place as a burden (something heavy or objectionable).
- My burdened heart would break.
- It is absurd to burden this act on Cromwell.
* beast of burden
From (etyl) bordon. See bourdon.
(music) A phrase or theme that recurs at the end of each verse in a folk song or ballad.
* 1610 , , act 1 scene 2
* 1846 ,
- [...] Foot it featly here and there; / And, sweet sprites, the burden bear.
The drone of a bagpipe.
- As commonly used, the refrain, or burden , not only is limited to lyric verse, but depends for its impression upon the force of monotone - both in sound and thought.
(obsolete) Theme, core idea.