From (etyl) burden, birden, burthen, birthen, byrthen, from (etyl) byrden, .
* burthen (archaic)
A heavy load.
* 1898 , , (Moonfleet) Chapter 4
A responsibility, onus.
A cause of worry; that which is grievous, wearisome, or oppressive.
* Jonathan Swift
- There were four or five men in the vault already, and I could hear more coming down the passage, and guessed from their heavy footsteps that they were carrying burdens .
The capacity of a vessel, or the weight of cargo that she will carry.
- Deaf, giddy, helpless, left alone, / To all my friends a burden grown.
(mining) The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin.
(metalworking) The proportion of ore and flux to fuel, in the charge of a blast furnace.
- a ship of a hundred tons burden
A fixed quantity of certain commodities.
(obsolete, rare) A birth.
- A burden of gad steel is 120 pounds.
- That bore thee at a burden two fair sons
To encumber with a burden (in any of the noun senses of the word ).
* Bible, 2 Corinthians viii. 13
- to burden a nation with taxes
- I mean not that other men be eased, and ye burdened .
To impose, as a load or burden; to lay or place as a burden (something heavy or objectionable).
- My burdened heart would break.
- It is absurd to burden this act on Cromwell.
* beast of burden
From (etyl) bordon. See bourdon.
(music) A phrase or theme that recurs at the end of each verse in a folk song or ballad.
* 1610 , , act 1 scene 2
* 1846 ,
- [...] Foot it featly here and there; / And, sweet sprites, the burden bear.
The drone of a bagpipe.
- As commonly used, the refrain, or burden , not only is limited to lyric verse, but depends for its impression upon the force of monotone - both in sound and thought.
(obsolete) Theme, core idea.
* acquite (archaic)
To declare or find not guilty; innocent.
To set free, release or discharge from an obligation, duty, liability, burden, or from an accusation or charge.
* 1775 , , The Duenna
- The jury acquitted the prisoner ''of'' the charge.
* 1837 , , “Lord Bacon” in The Edinburgh Review , July 1837
- His poverty, can you acquit him of that?
(obsolete, rare) To pay for; to atone for
* , line 1071
- If he [Bacon] was convicted, it was because it was impossible to acquit him without offering the grossest outrage to justice and common sense.
To discharge, as a claim or debt; to clear off; to pay off; to requite, to fulfill.
* , 1200
- Till life to death acquit my forced offence.
* 1640 , , Tasso
- ‘Aquyte him wel, for goddes love,’ quod he;
* 1836 , , Orations I-382
- Midst foes (as champion of the faith) he ment / That palme or cypress should his painees acquite .
* 1844 , ” in Essays: second series
- I admit it to be not so much the duty as the privilege of an American citizen to acquit this obligation to the memory of his fathers with discretion and generosity.
(reflexive) To clear one’s self.
* , III-ii
- We see young men who owe us a new world, so readily and lavishly they promise, but they never acquit the debt; they die young and dodge the account: or if they live, they lose themselves in the crowd.
(reflexive) To bear or conduct one’s self; to perform one’s part.
- Pray God he may acquit him of suspicion!
- The soldier acquitted himself well in battle.
* November 2 2014 , Daniel Taylor, "
- The orator acquitted himself very poorly.
Sergio Agüero strike wins derby for Manchester City against 10-man United," guardian.co.uk
* 1766 , , The vicar of Wakefield , xiv
- Van Gaal responded by replacing Adnan Januzaj with Carrick and, in fairness, the emergency centre-half did exceedingly well given that he has not played since May. McNair also acquitted himself well after Rojo was injured sliding into a challenge with Martín Demichelis
(obsolete) To release, set free, rescue.
* , I-vii-52
- Though this was one of the first mercantile transactions of my life, yet I had no doubt about acquitting myself with reputation.
* , I-iii
- Till I have acquit your captive Knight.
- I am glad I am so acquit of this tinder box.
* acquital, acquittal
* (to declare innocent) condemn, convict