Breach vs Patch - What's the difference?
As nouns the difference between breach and patch
is that breach
is the act of breaking, in a figurative sense while patch
is a piece of cloth, or other suitable material, sewed or otherwise fixed upon a garment to repair or strengthen it, especially upon an old garment to cover a hole or patch
can be (archaic) a paltry fellow; a rogue; a ninny; a fool.
As verbs the difference between breach and patch
is that breach
is to make a breach in while patch
is to mend by sewing on a piece or pieces of cloth, leather, or the like; as, to patch a coat.
A gap or opening made by breaking or battering, as in a wall, fortification or levee; the space between the parts of a solid body rent by violence; a break; a rupture; a fissure.
* 1599 , , Henry V , act 3, scene 1:
A breaking up of amicable relations, a falling-out.
- "Once more unto the breach , dear friends, once more; Or close the wall up with our English dead."
A breaking of waters, as over a vessel or a coastal defence; the waters themselves; surge; surf.
- There's fallen between him and my lord / An unkind breach .
* Bible, 2 Sam. v. 20
- A clear breach''' is when the waves roll over the vessel without breaking. A clean '''breach is when everything on deck is swept away.
* 1719 , :
- The Lord hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters.
A breaking out upon; an assault.
* Bible, 1 Chron. xiii. 11
- I cast my eye to the stranded vessel, when, the breach and froth of the sea being so big, I could hardly see it, it lay so far of; and considered, Lord! how was it possible I could get on shore.
(archaic) A bruise; a wound.
* Bible, Leviticus xxiv. 20
- The Lord had made a breach upon Uzza.
(archaic) A hernia; a rupture.
(legal) A breaking or infraction of a law, or of any obligation or tie; violation; non-fulfillment; as, a breach of contract; a breach of promise.
(figurative) A difference in opinions, social class etc.
* 2013 September 28, , "
- breach for breach, eye for eye
London Is Special, but Not That Special," New York Times (retrieved 28 September 2013):
The act of breaking, in a figurative sense.
* 1748 , David Hume, Enquiry concerning Human Understanding , Section 3, § 12:
- For London to have its own exclusive immigration policy would exacerbate the sense that immigration benefits only certain groups and disadvantages the rest. It would entrench the gap between London and the rest of the nation. And it would widen the breach between the public and the elite that has helped fuel anti-immigrant hostility.
- But were the poet to make a total difression from his subject, and introduce a new actor, nowise connected with the personages, the imagination, feeling a breach in transition, would enter coldly into the new scene;
* breach of contract
* breach of promise
* breach of the peace
To make a breach in.
To violate or break.
* 2000 , Mobile Oil Exploration & Producing Southeast, Inc. v. United States, Justice Stevens.
- They breached the outer wall, but not the main one.
(transitive, nautical, of the sea) To break into a ship or into a coastal defence.
(of a whale) To leap clear out of the water.
- "I therefore agree with the Court that the Government did breach its contract with petitioners in failing to approve, within 30 days of its receipt, the plan of exploration petitioners submitted."
From (etyl) patche, .
Alternatively, perhaps a variant of (etyl) .
A piece of cloth, or other suitable material, sewed or otherwise fixed upon a garment to repair or strengthen it, especially upon an old garment to cover a hole.
A small piece of anything used to repair damage or a breach; as, a patch on a kettle, a roof, etc.
- His sleeves had patches on the elbows where different fabric had been sewn on to replace material that had worn away.
A repair intended to be used for a limited time; (differs from previous usage in that it is intended to be a temporary fix and the size of the repair is irrelevant).
- I can't afford to replace the roof, which is what it really needs. I'll have the roofer apply a patch .
This usage can mean that the repair is temporary because it is an early but necessary step in the process of properly, completely repairing something,
- Before you can fix a dam, you have to apply a patch to the hole so that everything can dry off.
or that it is temporary because it is not meant to last long or will be removed as soon as a proper repair can be made, which will happen in the near future.
A small, usually contrasting but always somehow different or distinct, part of something else (location, time, size);
- "This patch should hold until you reach the city," the mechanic said as he patted the car's hood.
- The world economy had a rough patch in the 1930s.
- The storms last summer washed away parts of the road so we can expect some rough patches up ahead.
- To me, a normal cow is white with black patches , but Sarah's from Texas and most of the cows there have solid brown, black, or red coats.
- Doesn't that patch of clouds looks like a bunny?
- I lost my locket in this patch of grass here.
- When ice skating, be sure to stay away from reeds, there's always thin patches of ice there and you could fall through.
A small piece of black silk stuck on the face or neck to heighten beauty; an imitation beauty mark.
* Beaumont and Fletcher
- I never get first place because on track eight, right after you pass the windmill, there's a patch of oil in the road that always gets me.
(medicine) A piece of material used to cover a wound.
(medicine) An adhesive piece of material, impregnated with a drug, which is worn on the skin; the drug being slowly absorbed over a period of time.
- Your black patches you wear variously.
(medicine) A cover worn over a damaged eye, an eyepatch.
- Many people use a nicotine patch to wean themselves off of nicotine.
A block on the muzzle of a gun, to do away with the effect of dispart, in sighting.
(computing) A patch file, a file used for input to a patch program or that describes changes made to a computer file or files, usually changes made to a computer program that fix a programming bug.
A small piece of material that is manually passed through a gun barrel to clean it.
A piece of greased cloth or leather used as wrapping for a rifle ball, to make it fit the bore.
A cable connecting two pieces of electrical equipment.
A sound setting for a musical synthesizer (originally selected by means of a patch cable).
- He had scratched his cornea so badly that his doctor told him to wear a patch .
* (piece of black silk) beauty spot
* section, area, blotch, spot, period of time, spell, stretch
* diff file
* cabbage patch
* not a patch on
* patch file
* patch up
To mend by sewing on a piece or pieces of cloth, leather, or the like; as, to patch a coat.
Mr. Pratt's Patients
, passage=That concertina was a wonder in its way. The handles that was on it first was wore out long ago, and he'd made new ones of braided rope yarn. And the bellows was patched
in more places than a cranberry picker's overalls.}}
To mend with pieces; to repair by fastening pieces on.
To make out of pieces or patches, like a quilt.
To join or unite the pieces of; to patch the skirt.
A temporary, removable electronic connection, as one between two components in a communications system.
* (rfdate) The Matrix Revolutions , Scene: Starting the Logos, 00:43:09 - 00:43:32
To repair or arrange in a hasty or clumsy manner; – generally with up; as, to patch up a truce.
(computing) To make the changes a patch describes; to apply a patch to the files in question. Hence:
# To fix or improve a computer program without a complete upgrade.
# To make a quick and possibly temporary change to a program.
To connect two pieces of electrical equipment using a cable.
- [the control panel of hovercraft'' The Logos ''has lit up after being jumped by'' The Hammer]
Sparky: ''She lives again.''
Crew member of The Hammer via radio: ''You want us to patch an uplink to reload the software, Sparky?''
Sparky: ''Yeah, that'd be swell. And can you clean the windshield while you're at it?
* See also
* diff file
(archaic) A paltry fellow; a rogue; a ninny; a fool.
* 1610 , , act 3 scene 2
- What a pied ninny's this! Thou scurvy patch !