of or pertaining to a serf, peasant, or rustic
* 1996 , Jeet Heer, Gravitas , Autumn 1996
rude, surly, ungracious
stingy or grudging
(of soil) difficult to till, lacking pliancy; unmanageable
*1730–1774 , Oliver Goldsmith, Introductory to Switzerland
*:Where the bleak Swiss their stormy mansion tread,t
*:And force a churlish soil for scanty bread.
- [...] the eloquence and truth of his tribute stands in marked contrast to Kramer's churlish caricature of Kael as a happy pig wallowing in the dirt.
* (of or pertaining to a serf) rustic
* (rude or surly) cross-grained, rude, surly, ungracious
* (stingy or grudging) grudging, illiberal, miserly, niggardly, stingy
(archaic) Pertaining to, made of, or resembling brass (in color or strength).
* 1786 , Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons , page 31.
- Brazen or rather copper swords seem to have been next introduced; these in process of time, workmen learned to harden by the addition of some other metal or mineral, which rendered them almost equal in temper to iron.
, author=Edgar Rice Burroughs
, title=The Gods of Mars
, publisher=The Gutenberg Project
, passage= ... an open sea, its blue waters shimmering beneath the brazen
Sounding harsh and loud, like brass cymbals or brass instruments.
(archaic) Extremely strong; impenetrable.
Shamelessly shocking and offensive; impudent; barefaced; immodest; or unblushing.
- Brazen enough to spit on one of her students during class and wipe it in with her hand.
* brazen age
* brazen sea
To carry through in a brazen manner. Generally used with out'' or ''through .
* W. Black.
- Sabina brazened it out before Mrs. Wygram, but inwardly she was resolved to be a good deal more circumspect.
* brazen it out