What is the difference between bishop and duchy?

bishop | duchy | Related terms |

Bishop is a related term of duchy.


As nouns the difference between bishop and duchy

is that bishop is a high ranking official in the catholic church who governs a diocese, or a similar official in other denominations and religions (occasionally abbreviated as when used as a title) while duchy is a dominion or region ruled by a duke or duchess.

As a verb bishop

is to admit into the church by confirmation; to confirm or bishop can be (obsolete) to make (a horse) seem younger, by cutting its teeth short, then scooping out an oval cavity in the corner nippers and burning it black with a hot iron.

bishop

English

(wikipedia bishop)

Etymology 1

From (etyl) bishop, bisshop, bischop, biscop, from (etyl) , used in Greek and Latin both generally and as a title of civil officers. Cognate with all European terms for the position in various Christian churches (see ); compare bisp.

Alternative forms

* (obsolete) byshop

Noun

(en noun)
  • (Christianity) An overseer of congregations: either any such overseer, generally speaking, or (in Eastern Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, etc.) an official in the church hierarchy (actively or nominally) governing a diocese, supervising the church's priests, deacons, and property in its territory.
  • *'s Pastoral Care (Hatton MS.), 1
  • *:Ælfred kyning hateð gretan Wærferð biscep .
  • *1382 , (w, Wycliffe's Bible), Acts xx. 28
  • *:Al]] the folk in which the Hooly Gost sette [[you, ?ou bischopis .
  • *::[Compare'' ''ouerseers'', [[w:English Revised Version, ERV '''''bishops'' with the marginal gloss ''or overseers .]
  • * (John Wyclif), ''Selected Works , III. 310
  • *:Crist veriest bischop of alle.
  • *1641 , ‘Smectymnuus’, Vindic. Answer Hvmble Remonstr. , §16. 208
  • *: of blessed memory said, no Bishop''', no King:'' it was not he, but others that added, ''No Ceremony, no '''Bishop .
  • *1715 , William Hendley, A Defence of the Church of England , 16
  • *:''... In his 'Epi?tle to the ''Magne?ians'',' ''he exhorts them to do all things in the love of God'', telling them, ''the Bi?hop pre?ides in the place of God ...
  • *1845 , J. Lingard, Hist. & Antiq. Anglo-Saxon Church 3rd ed., I. iv. 146
  • *:These ministers were at first confined to the three orders of bishops , priests, and deacons.
  • *1868 , Joseph Barber Lightfoot, St. Paul's epistle to the Philippians , 93
  • *:It is a fact now generally recognized by theologians of all shades of opinion, that in the language of the New Testament the same officer in the Church is called indifferently ‘bishop ’ .
  • # (religion, obsolete) A similar official or chief priest in another religion.
  • #*, translating Orosius's History , v. iv. §1
  • #*:... wæs eac Romana ieldesta biscep .
  • #*1586 , Thomas Bowes translating Pierre de la Primaudaye's The French Academie , I. 633
  • #*:The Caliphaes of the Sarasins were kings and chiefe bishops in their religion.
  • #*1615 , William Bedwell, Arabian Trudgman'' in translating ''Mohammedis Imposturæ , sig. N4
  • #*:The Byshop of Egypt is called the Souldan.
  • # (obsolete) Any watchman, inspector, or overlooker.
  • #*1592 , Lancelot Andrewes, Sermons (1843), v. 516
  • #*:No pinnacle so high but the devil is a bishop over it, to visit and overlook it.
  • # (obsolete) The holder of the Greek or Roman position of episcopus, supervisor over the public dole of grain, etc.
  • #*1808 , The Monthly Magazine and British Register , 26 109
  • #*:They gave away corn, not cash; and (Cicero) was made bishop , or overseer, of this public victualling.
  • # The chief of the Festival of Fools or .
  • (chess) The chess piece denoted which moves along diagonal lines and developed from the shatranj alfil ("elephant") and was originally known as the aufil or archer in English.
  • *1562 , Rowbotham in Archaeologia , XXIV. 203
  • *:The Bishoppes some name Alphins, some fooles, and some name them Princes; other some call them Archers.
  • *1656 , Francis Beale translating Gioachino Greco as The royall game of chesse-play, being the study of Biochimo , 2
  • *:A Bishop or Archer, who is commonly figured with his head cloven.
  • Any of various African birds of the genus Euplectes ; a kind of weaverbird closely related to the widowbirds.
  • (dialectal) A ladybug or ladybird, beetles of the genus Coccinellidae .
  • *1875 , William Douglas Parish, A Dictionary of the Sussex Dialect
  • *:‘Bishop', ' Bishop -Barnabee,
  • *:Tell me when my wedding shall be;
  • *:If it be to-morrow day,
  • *:Ope your wings and fly away.
  • A sweet drink made from wine, usually with oranges, lemons, and sugar; mulled and spiced port.
  • *ante'' 1745 , (Jonathan Swift), ''Women who cry Apples'' in ''Works (1746), VIII. 192
  • *:Well roasted, with Sugar and Wine in a Cup,
  • *:They'll make a sweet Bishop .
  • *1791 , J. Boswell, (Life of Johnson) , anno 1752 I. 135
  • *:A bowl of that liquor called Bishop , which Johnson had always liked.
  • *1801 , (Samuel Taylor Coleridge), Poems , II. 169
  • *:Spicy bishop , drink divine.
  • (US, archaic) A bustle.
  • *, John Saxe, Progress
  • *:If, by her bishop , or her 'grace' alone,
  • *:A genuine lady, or a church, is known.
  • (UK, dialectal, archaic) A children's smock or pinafore.
  • *1874 , (Evelyn Waugh) in Lanc. Gloss. (E.D.S.)
  • *:Here; tak]] him, an wesh him; an' put him a [[clean, clen bishop on.
  • Usage notes
    Generally speaking, Christian churches observe their highest positions—popes, patriarchs, archbishops, etc.—as specially-empowered bishops; thus the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church is the Bishop of Rome, while the Pope of the Coptic Church is nominally bishop of Alexandria though resident in Cairo. In several denominations, the charism of a laying on of hands is believed to introduce new bishops to an unbroken apostolic succession initiated by the Holy Ghost at the Pentecost described in the 2nd chapter of the Book of Acts. Traditionally, the rank of bishop has been restricted to men and many denominations continue this practice. Even denominations permitting the marriage of priests (such as Eastern Orthodoxy) typically require complete celibacy from those promoted to bishophood: owing to traditional aversions to divorce, this usually restricts the rank to single men and widowers. Catholic bishops are also priests; Eastern Orthodox bishops are usually (but not always) monks.
    Synonyms
    * (normally) diocesan bishop, suffragan bishop * (canon law) ordinary, (Eastern Orthodoxy) hierarch * (as creators of priests) consecrator
    Hyponyms
    * (highest-ranking) catholicos, major archbishop, patriarch, pope * (higher-ranking) archbishop, cardinal, eparch, exarch, metropolitan, metropolitan bishop, primate * (territorial sovereigns) prince-bishop, prince-archbishop, Prince of the Church * titular bishop * (lower-ranking) coadjutor bishop, assistant bishop, auxiliary bishop * (as creators of other bishops) principal consecrator, principal co-consecrator * (retired) bishop emeritus
    Holonyms
    * (Roman Catholicism, Methodism, worldwide) college * (Eastern Orthodoxy, worldwide) Holy Synod, synod * (Roman Catholicism, regional) conference, episcopal conference * (others, regional) assembly, sobor, synod * (ad hoc) council, ecumenical council * (ad hoc, pejorative) conciliabule, conciliabulum * (cardinals) college]], [[papal conclave, conclave
    Derived terms
    * {{der3, archbishop , assistant-bishop, assistant bishop , auxiliary bishop , bash the bishop , Bishop Barker , Bishop's Bible, Bishops' Bible , bishop's-cap, bishop's cap , bishop-coadjutor, bishop coadjutor , bishop's collar , bishop-commissioner , bishop's court , bishop-designate , bishop-designed , bishop's elder , bishop-elect , bishop emeritus , bishopess , bishopful , bishop's-hat , bishophood , bishoping , (obsolete) bishopist , bishop-leaves , bishop's length , bishopless , bishoplet , bishopling , bishop pawn , bishop plover , bishopric, bishoprick , Bishopric of the Forces , bishop-seat , bishop-see , bishopship , bishop sleeve, bishop's sleeve , Bishop to the Forces , bishop-weed, bishop's weed, bishop's-weed , (obsolete) bishopwick , bishop wort, bishop's wort, bishop's-wort , coadjutor bishop , diocesan bishop , Lord Bishop , metropolitan bishop , presiding bishop , prince-bishop , ruling bishop , said the actress to the bishop , suffragan bishop , Synod of Bishops , titular bishop}} * (African weaverbirds) {{der3, bishop-bird, bishop bird , black bishop, Angola black bishop, northern black bishop, southern black bishop , Cape bishop , fire-crowned bishop , fire-fronted bishop , golden-backed bishop , orange bishop , red bishop, black-winged red bishop, northern red bishop, southern red bishop , yellow bishop , yellow-crowned bishop , Zanzibar red bishop}} (cognates)
    See also
    * (your Grace), (your Excellency), (my Lord), (my Lord Bishop) * Most Reverend, Right Reverend * diocese, see * cathedral, catholicon, katholikon, sobor * alb, amice, biretta, buskins (stockings), cappa magna, cassalb, cassock, chasuble, choir dress, cope, dalmatic (tunic), epimanikia (cuffs), episcopal gloves, episcopal sandals, epitrachil, mantya (mantle), mitre (hat), omophor, phelonion, rochet (surplice), sakkos, sticharion, stole, tunicle, vestments, zucchetto (skullcap) * bugia, cathedra (throne), crozier (staff), dikirion, engolpion, epigonation, episcopal ring, fashia (sash), maniple, orletz (rug), panagia, pectoral cross, trikirion, zone (belt)

    Verb

  • (Christianity) To act as a bishop, to perform the duties of a bishop, especially to confirm another's membership in the church.
  • * Thorpe's Laws , II. 348 (Bosw.)
  • Se biþ gesett... to bisceopgenne cild.
  • * , Shoreham , 5
  • Wanne]] the , bisschopeth [[thee, the
    Tokene]] of marke he set on [[thee, the.
  • * 1622 , W. Yonge, Diary (1848), 50
  • The Marquis of Buckingham and his wife were both bishopped , or confirmed by the Bishop of London.
  • * 1655 , T. Fuller, Church-hist. Brit. , ix. 81
  • Harding and Saunders Bishop it in England.
  • * 1971 , , Religion and the Decline of Magic , Folio Society 2012, page 35:
  • Here too physical effects were vulgarly attributed to the ceremony… as evidenced by the case of the old Norfolk woman who claimed to have been ‘bishopped ’ seven times, because she found it helped her rheumatism.
  • # (by extension, jocularly, obsolete) To confirm (in its other senses ).
  • #* 1596 , W. Warner, Albions Eng. , x. liv. 243
  • Why sent they it by Felton to be bishoped at Paules?
  • #* 1700 , (John Dryden) translating (Boccaccio)'s Cymon & Iphigenia'' in ''Fables , 550
  • He.., chose to bear The Name of Fool confirm'd, and Bishop'd by the Fair.
  • (Christianity) To make a bishop.
  • * 1549 , H. Latimer, 2nd Serm. before Kynges Maiestie , 5th Serm. sig. Pviv
  • Thys]] hathe bene often tymes... [[seen, sene in preachers before they were byshoppyd or benificed.
  • * 1861 November 23 , Sat. Rev. , 537
  • There may be other... matters to occupy the thoughts of one about to be bishopped .
  • (Christianity, rare) To provide with bishops.
  • * 1865 December 6 , Daily Telegraph , 5/3
  • Italy would be well bishoped if her episcopacy... did not exceed fifty-nine.
  • (UK, dialectal) To permit food ( milk) to burn while cooking (from bishops' role in the inquisition or as mentioned in the quote below, of horses ).
  • * ante'' 1536 , Tyndale, ''Works , 166 (T.)
  • If the porage]] be burned to, or the meate ouer [[roasted, rosted, we say the bishop hath put his foote in the potte or the bishop hath played the cooke, because the bishops burn who they lust and whosoever displeaseth them.
  • * 1641 , (John Milton), Animadversions , 9
  • It will be as bad as the Bishops foot in the broth.
  • * 1738 , (Jonathan Swift), Compl. Coll. Genteel Conversat. , 10
  • The Cream is burnt to.
    Betty . Why, Madam, the Bishop has set his Foot in it.
  • * 1863 , E. C. Gaskell, Sylvia's Lovers , I. 64
  • * :She canna stomach it if it's bishopped e'er so little.
  • * 1875 , Lanc. Gloss. , 40
  • Th' milk's bishopped again!
  • To make a horse seem younger, particularly by manipulation of its teeth.
  • * 1727 , R. Bradley, Family Dict. at "Horse"
  • This way of making a Horse look young is... called Bishoping .
  • * 1788 , Francis Grose, A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue 2nd ed.
  • B(ishopped)', or T(smallcaps, o '''bishop'''). A term among hor?e]] dealers, for burning the mark into a on the fire, to take its chance; which, when burnt to, was [[said, ?aid to be ' bi?hopped .
  • * 1840 , E. E. Napier, Scenes & Sports Foreign Lands , I. v. 138
  • I found his teeth had been filed down and bishoped with the greatest neatness and perfection.
    Derived terms
    * bishop it

    Etymology 2

    Eponymous, from the surname Bishop.

    Verb

  • (UK, colloquial, obsolete) To murder by drowning.
  • *1840 , R.H. Barham, Some Account of a New Play'' in ''Ingoldsby Legends 1st series, 308
  • *:I Burked the papa, now I'll Bishop the son.
  • *1870 , Walter Thornbury, Old Stories Re-told
  • *:There were no more Burking murders until 1831, when two men, named Bishop and Williams, drowned a poor [14-year-old] Italian boy in Bethnal Green, and sold his body to the surgeons.
  • *2002 , Helen Smith, Grave-Robbers, Cut-throats, and Poisoners of London , 66
  • *:John Bishop and another grave-robber called Thomas Williams had drowned the boy, a woman and another boy in a well in John Bishop's garden in (Bethnal Green)... Bishop and Williams were hanged outside (Newgate Prison) in December 1831 in front of an angry crowd of 30,000.
  • References

    * Oxford English Dictionary'', 1st ed. "bishop, ''n.''", "bishop, ''v.1''", and "bishop, ''v.2 ". Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1887. * Webster's New International Dictionary . "Bishop". 1913.

    duchy

    English

    Noun

    (wikipedia duchy) (duchies)
  • A dominion or region ruled by a duke or duchess.
  • * A Grand Duchy may be a self-governing state.
  • * A simple duchy tends to be a part of a larger kingdom or empire.