From (etyl), from (etyl) . Cognate with Dutch pond, German Pfund, Swedish pund.
(en noun) (sometimes pound after numerals)
Short for pound-force, a unit of force/weight.
A unit of mass equal to 16 avoirdupois ounces (= 453.592 37 g). Today this value is the most common meaning of "pound" as a unit of weight.
* 28 July 2010 , Rachel Williams in The Guardian, Mothers who lose weight before further pregnancy ‘reduce risks’ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2010/jul/28/mothers-lose-weight-reduce-risks?INTCMP=SRCH]
A unit of mass equal to 12 troy ounces (? 373.242 g). Today, this is a common unit of weight when measuring precious metals, and is little used elsewhere.
(US) The symbol (octothorpe, hash)
The unit of currency used in the United Kingdom and its dependencies. It is divided into 100 pence.
* November 11 2012 , Carole Cadwalladr in the Observer, Do online courses spell the end for the traditional university? [http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2012/nov/11/online-free-learning-end-of-university?INTCMP=SRCH]
- Research shows that retaining even one or two pounds after giving birth can make problems more likely in a subsequent pregnancy, experts said, with women who have several children facing a "slippery slope" if they continue to gain weight each time.
* 1860 , (George Eliot), The Mill on the Floss , Book 5, Chapter 6
- For students in developing countries who can't get it any other way, or for students in the first world, who can but may choose not to. Pay thousands of pounds a year for your education? Or get it free online?
Any of various units of currency used in Cyprus, Egypt, Lebanon, and formerly in the Republic of Ireland and Israel.
* Episode 4
- "Only a hundred and ninety-three pound ," said Mr. Tulliver. "You've brought less o' late; but young fellows like to have their own way with their money. Though I didn't do as I liked before I was of age." He spoke with rather timid discontent.
Any of various units of currency formerly used in the United States.
- He glanced back through what he had read and, while feeling his water flow quietly, he envied kindly Mr Beaufoy who had written it and received payment of three pounds , thirteen and six.
English plurals (unit of currency)
- the Rhode Island pound'''; the New Hampshire '''pound
* Internationally, the "pound" has most commonly referred to the UK pound, £, (pound sterling). The other currencies were usually distinguished in some way, e.g., the "Irish pound" or the "punt".
* In the vicinity of each other country calling its currency the pound among English speakers the local currency would be the "pound", with all others distinguished, e.g., the "British pound", the "Egyptian pound" etc.
* The general plural of "pound" has usually been "pounds" (at least since Chaucer), but the continuing use of the Old English genitive or neuter "pound" as the plural after numerals (for both currency and weight) is common in some regions. It can be considered correct, or colloquial, depending on region.
(English Citations of "pound"
* lb t
* (UK unit of currency) , pound sterling, GBP, quid (colloquial), nicker (slang)
* (Other units of currency) punt (the former Irish currency)
* hash (UK), sharp
* Amsterdam pound
* avoirdupois pound
* metric pound
* pack on the pounds
* pink pound
* pound cake
* pound of flesh
* pound shop
* pound sign
* take care of the pennies and the pounds will take care of themselves
* ten pound pom
* ten pound tourist
* troy pound
* (UK unit of currency) crown, farthing, florin, guinea, penny, pence, shilling, sovereign, sterling
From (etyl) .
A place for the detention of stray or wandering animals.
* 2002 , , 00:27:30:
A place for the detention of automobiles that have been illegally parked, abandoned, etc.
The part of a canal between two locks, and therefore at the same water level.
A kind of fishing net, having a large enclosure with a narrow entrance into which fish are directed by wings spreading outward.
- (Police officer to a dog owner) "He'd better stay calm or I'll have the pound come and get him."
, title=[http://openlibrary.org/works/OL5535161W Mr. Pratt's Patients], chapter=1
, passage=Then there came a reg'lar terror of a sou'wester same as you don't get one summer in a thousand, and blowed the shanty flat and ripped about half of the weir poles out of the sand. We spent consider'ble money getting 'em reset, and then a swordfish got into the pound
and tore the nets all to slathers, right in the middle of the squiteague season.}}
* (Manx English) uses this word uncountably.
* dog pound
* lobster pound
To confine in, or as in, a pound; to impound.
* 1644 , (John Milton), (Areopagitica); A speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicenc’d Printing, to the Parlament of England
- And he who were pleasantly disposed, could not well avoid to liken it to the exploit of that gallant man, who thought to pound up the crows by shutting his park gate.
From an alteration of earlier poun, pown, from (etyl) pounen, from (etyl) , pynd, in relation to the hollow mortar for pounding with the pestle.
* (l), (l) (obsolete or dialectal)
(label) To strike hard, usually repeatedly.
, title=[http://openlibrary.org/works/OL5535161W Mr. Pratt's Patients]
, passage=She had Lord James' collar in one big fist and she pounded
the table with the other and talked a blue streak. Nobody could make out plain what she said, for she was mainly jabbering Swede lingo, but there was English enough, of a kind, to give us some idee.}}
(label) To crush to pieces; to pulverize.
To eat or drink very quickly.
To pitch consistently to a certain location.
To beat strongly or throb.
To penetrate sexually, with vigour.
To advance heavily with measured steps.
* 1899 , (Joseph Conrad),
(label) To make a jarring noise, as when running.
- We pounded along, stopped, landed soldiers; went on, landed custom–house clerks to levy toll in what looked like a God–forsaken wilderness, with a tin shed and a flag–pole lost in it; landed more soldiers—to take care of the custom–house clerks, presumably.
(slang, dated) To wager a pound on.
*1854 , Dickens, Hard Times , Chapter 4:
*:Good-bye, my dear!' said Sleary. 'You'll make your fortun, I hope, and none of our poor folkth will ever trouble you, I'll pound it.
* (drink quickly)
* pound down
* pound the pavement
* pound the table
* pound sand
* pound town
* pound up
Dialectal variant (akin to the dialectal (etyl) term (m)) of (etyl) (m), (m), from (etyl) (compare (etyl) (m), (etyl) ).
Any of the small, nocturnal, flying mammals of the order Chiroptera, which navigate by means of echolocation.
*:The Bat—they called him the Bat. Like a bat' he chose the night hours for his work of rapine; like a '''bat''' he struck and vanished, pouncingly, noiselessly; like a ' bat he never showed himself to the face of the day.
*2012 , Suemedha Sood, (bbc.co.uk)
Travelwise: Texas love bats] [sic
*:As well as being worth millions of dollars to the Texan agriculture industry, these mammals are worth millions of dollars to the state’s tourism industry. Texas is home to the world’s largest known bat' colony (in Comal County), and the world’s largest urban '''bat''' colony (in Austin). '''Bat''' watching is a common activity, with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department offering more ' bat -viewing sites than anywhere else in the US.
(lb) An old woman.
A whore who prowls in the dusk/evening like a bat.
* (flying mammal)
* blind as a bat
* fruit bat
* have bats in the belfry
* leaf-nosed bat
* (little brown bat)
* (brown bat)
* like a bat out of hell
* vampire bat
* vesper bat
A club made of wood or aluminium used for striking the ball in sports such as baseball, softball and cricket.
A turn at hitting the ball with a bat in a game.
(two-up) The piece of wood on which the spinner places the coins and then uses for throwing them.
[Sidney J. Baker, The Australian Language , second edition, 1966, chapter XI section 3, page 242]
(mining) Shale or bituminous shale.
A sheet of cotton used for filling quilts or comfortables; batting.
A part of a brick with one whole end.
* (two-up) kip, stick, kylie, lannet
* baseball bat
* cricket bat
to hit with a bat.
to take a turn at hitting a ball with a bat in sports like cricket, baseball and softball, as opposed to fielding.
to strike or swipe as though with a bat
- The cat batted at the toy.
* bat five hundred
* bat in
* bat out
* bat up
Possibly a variant of bate.
to flutter: bat one's eyelashes .
Most commonly used in phrase bat an eye, and variants thereof.
* bat an eye, bat an eyelash, bat an eyelid
From (etyl) .
Cognate to (m).
"batman." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 2009.