First according to historical or scientific records; original; indigenous; primitive.
* 1814 , , The Excursion , Longman et al. (publishers), [http://books.google.com/books?id=T18JAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA277&dq=aboriginal page 277]:
Living in a land before colonization by the Europeans.
- Green in the Church-yard, beautiful and green; / / And mantled o'er with aboriginal turf / And everlasting flowers.
(Aboriginal) [ ]
* (indigenous to a place) native, indigenous, autochthonous, endemic, original, first, earliest, primitive, ancient, primordial, primeval
An animal or plant native to a region.
* Charles Darwin
- It may well be doubted whether this frog is an aboriginal of these islands.
* Using uncapitalized aboriginal to refer to people or anything associated with people may cause offence.
* In Canada, style manuals recommend against using the noun Aboriginal for a person or people.
* See also the usage notes under Aboriginal .
(of motion) Pertaining to the direction towards the back.
(of motion) Pertaining to the direction reverse of normal.
- They left without a backward glance.
Reluctant or unable to advance.
* 1919 ,
- The occasional backward movement of planets is evidence they revolve around the sun.
* Don't be backward in suggesting story ideas to local media but always think of the wants, needs and desires of their readers when selling-in story ideas.[http://www.mortgagemagazine.com.au/detail_article.cfm?articleID=364]
Of a culture considered undeveloped or unsophisticated.
* Most cruelly, the immediate security interests of the United States and the states surrounding Somalia are now to keep it a failed state, to prevent Islamists from consolidating even a weak state centered on Mogadishu. The leader of the victorious faction, one Aden Hashi 'Ayro, is said to be a veteran of Afghanistan; he knows well what a small sanctuary in a backward corner of the globe can mean for al Qaeda. [http://www.armedforcesjournal.com/2006/06/1851044]
Pertaining to a thought or value that is considered outdated.
* Replace the morbid, bankrupting, backward idea of superpower domination: Weapons dismantled. Global warming reversed. Perhaps, in time, overpopulation, poverty, starvation, ignorance and disease all resolved. Thus, moral determination combined with 21st Century science, ecology and social initiatives will make possible a resonant fulfillment of our American Revolution [http://www.counterpunch.org/bice01042003.html]
(cricket) On that part of the field behind the batsman's popping crease.
(cricket) Further behind the batsman's popping crease than something else.
(obsolete) Unwilling; averse; reluctant.
* Alexander Pope
- Then her eyes, always alert for the affairs of her kitchen, fell on some action of the Chinese cook which aroused her violent disapproval. She turned on him with a torrent of abuse. The Chink was not backward to defend himself, and a very lively quarrel ensued.
Slow to apprehend; having difficulties in learning.
- For wiser brutes were backward to be slaves.
Late or behindhand.
- a backward child
(obsolete) Already past or gone; bygone.
- a backward season
- and flies unconscious o'er each backward year
* (in reverse direction) retrograde
* (of an undeveloped culture) third world
* backwards, fogyish, old-fashioned, antiquated, antediluvian, unprogressive, retrograde, outdated, parachronistic, out of date
* (of an undeveloped culture) forward
* (of an outdated thought) progressive
(of motion) In the direction towards the back; backwards
Toward, or in, past time or events; ago.
* John Locke
- to walk or ride backward'''; to throw the arms '''backward
By way of reflection; reflexively.
- some reigns backward
From a better to a worse state, as from honor to shame, from religion to sin.
- The work went backward .
* forward, forwards
The state behind or past.
- In the dark backward and abysm of time.