Until vs Ba - What's the difference?

until | ba |

As a preposition until

is up to the time of (something happening).

As a conjunction until

is up to the time that (a condition becomes true).




(English prepositions)
  • Up to the time of (something happening).
  • * {{quote-magazine, date=2013-06-28, author=(Joris Luyendijk)
  • , volume=189, issue=3, page=21, magazine=(The Guardian Weekly) , title= Our banks are out of control , passage=Seeing the British establishment struggle with the financial sector is like watching an alcoholic […].  Until 2008 there was denial over what finance had become. When a series of bank failures made this impossible, there was widespread anger, leading to the public humiliation of symbolic figures.}}
  • Before (a time).
  • *
  • , title=(The Celebrity), chapter=1 , passage=I was about to say that I had known the Celebrity from the time he wore kilts. But I see I will have to amend that, because he was not a celebrity then, nor, indeed, did he achieve fame until some time after I left New York for the West.}}
  • * {{quote-magazine, date=2013-06-21, author= Chico Harlan
  • , volume=189, issue=2, page=30, magazine=(The Guardian Weekly) , title= Japan pockets the subsidy … , passage=Across Japan, technology companies and private investors are racing to install devices that until recently they had little interest in: solar panels. Massive solar parks are popping up as part of a rapid build-up that one developer likened to an "explosion."}}
  • (obsolete) To; physically towards.
  • * Spenser
  • He roused himself full blithe, and hastened them until .

    Usage notes

    It is typically assumed that circumstances have changed or could change at the referenced time. For instance, “All has gone well until now” implies that the current situation may not be so good.


    * 'til (nonstandard), till, up to


    * since


    (English Conjunctions)
  • Up to the time that (a condition becomes true).
  • *
  • *:It was April 22, 1831, and a young man was walking down Whitehall in the direction of Parliament Street.. He halted opposite the Privy Gardens, and, with his face turned skywards, listened until the sound of the Tower guns smote again on the ear and dispelled his doubts.
  • *{{quote-magazine, date=2013-07-19, author=(Peter Wilby)
  • , volume=189, issue=6, page=30, magazine=(The Guardian Weekly) , title= Finland spreads word on schools , passage=Imagine a country where children do nothing but play until they start compulsory schooling at age seven. Then, without exception, they attend comprehensives until the age of 16. Charging school fees is illegal, and so is sorting pupils into ability groups by streaming or setting.}}
  • Before (a condition becoming true).
  • *
  • *:It is never possible to settle down to the ordinary routine of life at sea until the screw begins to revolve. There is an hour or two, after the passengers have embarked, which is disquieting and fussy.
  • Synonyms

    * 'til (nonstandard ), till





    (wikipedia ba)

    Etymology 1

    Compare Old French ; French bayer


    (en verb)
  • (obsolete) To kiss.
  • Etymology 2

    From (etyl) .


    (en noun)
  • In ancient Egyptian mythology, a being's soul or personality, represented as a bird-headed figure, which survives after death but must be sustained with offerings of food.
  • * 1983 , Norman Mailer, Ancient Evenings :
  • But the Ba , I remembered, could be seen as the mistress of your heart and might or might not decide to speak to you, just as the heart cannot always forgive.


    * English two-letter words ----