(en proper noun
The capital city of Greece
A city in Alabama
A city in Illinois
A village in Louisiana
A town in Maine
A village in Michigan
A town and village in New York
A city in Ohio
A township in Ontario, Canada
A borough in Pennsylvania
A city in Tennessee
A city in Texas
A town in Vermont
A town in West Virginia
A village in Wisconsin
* (archaic) Rom, Roome, Room, Rhoome, Romme, Rowme, Roym, Rum
* (uncommon) Roma
(en proper noun
A city on the Tiber River on the Italian peninsula, the capital of a former empire and of the modern region of Lazio and nation of Italy.
* (Geoffrey Chaucer), (The Legend of Good Women) , 1869:
* (Geoffrey Chaucer) translating (Boethius), (The Consolation of Philosophy) , I iv 441:
- Ne]] never was ther kyng in Rome tovn [[since, Syn thilke day.
* , I ii 157:
- Now I am remewed]] fro [[paces, pas.
* 1866 December 8, 'Filius Ecclesiæ', Notes & Queries , "Rome:Room", 456 1:
- When could they say (till now) that talk'd of Rome',
That her wide Walles]] incompast but one man?
Now is it '''Rome''' indeed, and ' Roome enough
When there is in it but one [[only, onely man.
Ancient Rome; the former Roman Empire; Roman civilization.
* 1594 , (William Shakespeare), (Titus Andronicus) , I i 82:
- Within the last thirty weeks I have heard the word Rome pronounced Room'' by several old-fashioned people in the north of Ireland, some of my own relations among the number. On remonstrating with one of these, she said, "It was always ''Room when I was at school (say about 1830), and I am too old to change it now."
* 1711 , (Alexander Pope), "(An Essay on Criticism)", 39:
- These that suruiue]], let Rome reward with [[love, loue.
* 1820 , (Lord Byron), (Marino Faliero) , V i:
- Learning and Rome' alike in Empire grew,
And Arts still follow'd where her Eagles flew;
From the same Foes [''viz.'', Tyranny and Superstition], at last, both felt their Doom,
And the same Age saw Learning fall, and ' Rome .
The Holy See, the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church, particularly prior to the establishment of the Vatican City in the 19th century.
* 1537 January 26, T. Starkey, letter:
- A wife's dishonour unking'd Rome for ever.
* , III ii:
- The wych]] you perauenture wyl impute to thys [[defection, defectyon from Rome .
The Church of Rome, the Roman Catholic Church generally.
* (William Shakespeare), (The life and death of King Iohn) , V ii 70:
- . [[roam, Roame thither then.
(rfv-sense) (archaic) Constantinople, the "New Rome"; the Byzantine Empire.
* 1603 , Richard Knolles, The Generall Historie of the Turkes , 13:
- King Iohn]] hath reconcil'd [[himself, Himselfe to Rome .
* 1999 , G. Vallée, Shaping of Christianity , X 203:
- Yet haue]] the Sarasins attempted both Romes ; they haue besieged Constantinople, and [[have, haue wasted... the Sea coasts of Italy.
(rfv-sense) (obsolete) Moscow, the "Third Rome".
* 1823 , Robert Lyall, The Character of the Russians and a Detailed History of Moscow , 28:
- The weakening of the two Romes created the space for the emergence of both the Holy Roman Empire of the Franks and the Islamic Empire.
* 1945 , Nicholas Zernov, Russians & their Church , 51 translating (Filofei) of Pskov, letter to (Vasili III)
- Moscow is a third Rome , say these historians, and a fourth shall never be.
- The Church of old Rome' fell for its heresy; the gates of the second '''Rome''', Constantinople, were hewn down by the axes of the infidel Turks; but the Church of Moscow, the Church of the new ' Rome , shines brighter than the sun in the whole universe.
* (archaic ) Romeburg, Romeburgh, Romeland, Romelede, Romethede, Rome town
* (dated ) Rome city
* Istanbul, Constantinople (new Rome )
* Moscow (third Rome'', ''new Rome )
* (dated )
* romance, romantic