Reason vs Antirational - What's the difference?

reason | antirational |


As a noun reason

is a cause:.

As a verb reason

is to exercise the rational faculty; to deduce inferences from premises; to perform the process of deduction or of induction; to ratiocinate; to reach conclusions by a systematic comparison of facts.

As an adjective antirational is

lacking or (especially) opposed to reason and rational thought.

reason

English

(wikipedia reason)

Noun

(en noun)
  • A cause:
  • # That which causes something: an efficient cause, a proximate cause.
  • #* 1996 , (w), : Evolution and the Meanings of Life , page 198:
  • There is a reason why so many should be symmetrical: The selective advantage in a symmetrical complex is enjoyed by all the subunits
  • # A motive for an action or a determination.
  • #* 1806 , Anonymous, Select Notes to Book XXI, in, (Alexander Pope), translator, The (Odyssey) of (Homer) , volume 6 (London, F.J. du Roveray), page 37:
  • This is the reason why he proposes to offer a libation, to atone for the abuse of the day by their diversions.
  • #* 1881 , (Henry James), (The Portrait of a Lady) , chapter 10:
  • Ralph Touchett, for reasons best known to himself, had seen fit to say that Gilbert Osmond was not a good fellow
  • # An excuse: a thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation.
  • #* 1966 , (Graham Greene), ((Penguin Classics) edition, ISBN 0140184945), page 14:
  • I have forgotten the reason' he gave for not travelling by air. I felt sure that it was not the correct ' reason , and that he suffered from a heart trouble which he kept to himself.
  • (label) Rational]] thinking (or the capacity for it; the cognitive [[faculty, faculties, collectively, of conception, judgment, deduction and intuition.
  • * 1970 , (Hannah Arendt), On Violence (ISBN 0156695006), page 62:
  • And the specific distinction between man and beast is now, strictly speaking, no longer reason (the lumen naturale of the human animal) but science
  • *{{quote-magazine, date=2014-06-21, volume=411, issue=8892, magazine=(The Economist)
  • , title= Magician’s brain , passage=The [Isaac] Newton that emerges from the [unpublished] manuscripts is far from the popular image of a rational practitioner of cold and pure reason . The architect of modern science was himself not very modern. He was obsessed with alchemy.}}
  • (label) Something reasonable, in accordance with thought; justice.
  • * (rfdate) (Edmund Spenser):
  • I was promised, on a time, To have reason for my rhyme.
  • Ratio; proportion.
  • (Barrow)

    Synonyms

    * (that which causes) cause * (motive for an action) rationale, motive * (thought offered in support) excuse

    Derived terms

    * age of reason * everything happens for a reason * for some reason * for no good reason * for XYZ reason * have reason * in reason * instrumental reason * reasonability * reasonable * reasonableness * reasonist * reasonless * rhyme or reason * stand to reason * unreason * with reason * within reason

    Verb

    (en verb)
  • To exercise the rational faculty; to deduce inferences from premises; to perform the process of deduction or of induction; to ratiocinate; to reach conclusions by a systematic comparison of facts.
  • Hence: To carry on a process of deduction or of induction, in order to convince or to confute; to formulate and set forth propositions and the inferences from them; to argue.
  • To converse; to compare opinions.
  • To arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine or discuss by arguments; to debate or discuss.
  • I reasoned the matter with my friend.
  • (rare) To support with reasons, as a request.
  • To persuade by reasoning or argument.
  • to reason''' one into a belief; to '''reason one out of his plan
  • To overcome or conquer by adducing reasons.
  • to reason down a passion
  • To find by logical process; to explain or justify by reason or argument.
  • to reason''' out the causes of the librations of the moon

    Derived terms

    * reasoner * reason out

    Statistics

    *

    antirational

    English

    Adjective

    (en adjective)
  • Lacking or (especially) opposed to reason and rational thought.
  • * 1839 November, “G.E.E.”, “Article III — and General Review , Volume XXVII, Number II, pages 196-197:
  • This view is further illustrated by bringing forward the Catholic doctrines, showing the “antirational notion of them,”(apparent misquotation) and thus exhibiting “the mysterious bearings and incomplete character of the Revelation.”
  • * 1995 , Chris Matthew Sciabarra, Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical , Penn State Press, ISBN 978-0-271-01441-8, page 328:
  • Rand refused to detach even a seemingly radical rebellion from the social totality in which it emerged. The New Left was as much an outgrowth of the antirational as the culture it had rejected.
  • * 2009 , Eugene Webb, Worldview and Mind: Religious Thought and Psychological Development , University of Missouri Press, ISBN 978-0-8262-1833-9, page 61:
  • His own conception of a genuine (fifth order) postmodernism is not at all antirational and embraces everything that was a source of real strength in the fourth (“modern”) order of consciousness.

    See also

    * arational * irrational * non-rational