Any unit of cultural information, such as a practice or idea, that is transmitted verbally or by repeated action from one mind to another in a comparable way to the transmission of genes.
*1976 , (Richard Dawkins), The Selfish Gene :
*:Examples of memes are tunes, ideas, catch-phrases, clothes fashions, ways of making pots or of building arches.
*2002 , Rita Carter, Exploring Consciousness , p. 242:
*:Related memes tend to form mutually supporting meme-complexes such as religions, political ideologies, scientific theories, and New Age dogmas.
(Internet, slang) Something that is copied and circulated online with slight adaptions, including quizzes, basic pictures, video templates etc. A meme can be a photo or artwork, usually with text, often codified with a distinct white block lettering text on the image. If a particular, standardized image is used, there is a protocol to how it should be used
* 2005 , "darklily", OT: Livejournal'' (discussion on Internet newsgroup ''soc.sexuality.general )
*2012 , Greg Jarboe, You Tube and Video Marketing , 2nd edition:
*:The idea was to append Keyboard Cat to the end of a blooper video to "play" that person offstage after a mistake or gaffe, like getting the hook in the days of vaudeville. The meme became popular, Ashton Kutcher tweeted about it to more than 1 million followers, and more than 4,000 such videos have now been made.
*2013 , The Guardian , (headline), 8 Feb 2013:
*:Harlem Shake meme : the new Gangnam Style?
- I do...but my journal is a mess. It's mostly filled with memes and my bitching about a house I am building.
* meme pool
* memetic algorithm
* memetic engineering
* email forward
The act of animating, or giving life or spirit.
* 1647 , , Christ Mysticall; or the blessed union of Christ and his Members'', as edited and reprinted in Josiah Pratt (editor), ''The Works of the Right Reverend Father in God, Joseph Hall, D.D. , Volume 8, C. Wittingham (1808),
* by the animation of the same soul quickening that whole frame.
(animation, in the sense of a cartoon) The technique of making inanimate objects or drawings appear to move in motion pictures or computer graphics.
The state of being lively, brisk, or full of spirit and vigor; vivacity; spiritedness
The condition of being animate or alive.
- He recited the story with great animation .
(linguistics) conversion from the inanimate to animate grammatical category
* 1992 , Samuel E. Martin, A Reference Grammar of Korean , page 291:
- Perhaps an inanimate thing supplies me, while I am speaking, with whatever I possess of animation .
- "The constraints are not so hard and fast that exceptional sentences do not occur. In particular animation and disanimation can temporarily suspend the system."
* (the act of breathing life into something ) vitalization, vivification, enlivenment
* (the state of being lively ) airiness, ardor, buoyancy, earnestness, energy, enthusiasm, liveliness, promptitude, spirit, sprightliness, vivacity
* (the condition of being alive ) life
* suspended animation
* Japanese: ) (borrowed)