Alkaloid vs Cinchona - What's the difference?

alkaloid | cinchona |


As nouns the difference between alkaloid and cinchona

is that alkaloid is (organic chemistry) any of many organic heterocyclic bases, that occur in nature and often have medicinal properties while cinchona is any of several south american trees, of the genus cinchona , cultivated for its medicinal bark.

As an adjective alkaloid

is relating to, resembling, or containing alkali.

alkaloid

Noun

(en noun)
  • (organic chemistry) Any of many organic heterocyclic bases, that occur in nature and often have medicinal properties.
  • Hyponyms

    * See also

    Adjective

    (en adjective)
  • Relating to, resembling, or containing alkali.
  • (Webster 1913) ----

    cinchona

    Alternative forms

    * chinchona, chincona

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • Any of several South American trees, of the genus Cinchona , cultivated for its medicinal bark.
  • * 2001': German chemists were the first to isolate pure drug chemicals from herbal medicines, with the isolation of morphine from crude opium in 1803 and quinine from the bark of the '''cinchona tree in 1820. — Leslie Iversen, ''Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2001, p. 8)
  • The bark of these trees, that yields quinine alkaloids used to treat malaria.