Accident vs Disaster - What's the difference?

accident | disaster |


As nouns the difference between accident and disaster

is that accident is an unexpected event with negative consequences occurring without the intention of the one suffering the consequences while disaster is an unexpected natural or man-made catastrophe of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life or sometimes permanent change to the natural environment.

accident

Noun

  • An unexpected event with negative consequences occurring without the intention of the one suffering the consequences.
  • * c.1603 , (William Shakespeare), , I-iii,
  • Wherein I spake of most disastrous chances, / Of moving accidents by flood and field
  • * {{quote-magazine, year=2013, month=July-August, author= Philip J. Bushnell
  • , magazine=(American Scientist), title= Solvents, Ethanol, Car Crashes & Tolerance , passage=Surprisingly, this analysis revealed that acute exposure to solvent vapors at concentrations below those associated with long-term effects appears to increase the risk of a fatal automobile accident . Furthermore, this increase in risk is comparable to the risk of death from leukemia after long-term exposure to benzene, another solvent, which has the well-known property of causing this type of cancer.}}
  • Any chance event.
  • (uncountable) Chance.
  • * c.1861-1863 , (Richard Chevenix Trench), in 1888, Letters and memorials , Volume 1,
  • Thou cam'st not to thy place by accident , / It is the very place God meant for thee;
  • *
  • (transport, vehicle) An unintended event such as a collision that causes damage or death.
  • Any property, fact, or relation that is the result of chance or is nonessential.
  • * 1883 , , Social life in Greece from Homer to Menander? ,
  • This accident , as I call it, of Athens being situated some miles from the sea, which is rather the consequence of its being a very ancient site,
  • (euphemistic) An instance of incontinence.
  • * 2009 , Marcia Stedron, My Roller Coaster Life as an Army Wife , Xlibris Corporation, ISBN 1462817890, page 56:
  • We weren’t there long when Karin asked about our dog. When we told her Chris was in the car, she insisted we bring him up to the apartment. I rejected her offer and said he might have an accident on the carpet and I didn’t want to worry about it.
  • (euphemistic) An unintended pregnancy.
  • (philosophy, logic) A quality or attribute in distinction from the substance, as sweetness'', ''softness .
  • * 1902 , William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience , Folio Society 2008, page 171:
  • If they went through their growth-crisis in other faiths and other countries, although the essence of the change would be the same, its accidents would be different.
  • (grammar) A property attached to a word, but not essential to it, as gender, number, case.
  • (geology) An irregular surface feature with no apparent cause.
  • (heraldry) A point or mark which may be retained or omitted in a coat of arms.
  • (legal) casus; such unforeseen, extraordinary, extraneous interference as is out of the range of ordinary calculation.
  • (military) An unplanned event that results in injury (including death) or occupational illness to person(s) and/or damage to property, exclusive of injury and/or damage caused by action of an enemy or hostile force.
  • (uncountable, philosophy, uncommon) Appearance, manifestation.
  • * 14thC , (Geoffrey Chaucer), '' in ''(The Canterbury Tales) ,
  • These cookes how they stamp, and strain, and grind, / And turne substance into accident , / To fulfill all thy likerous talent!
  • * 1677 , Heraclitus Christianus: or, the Man of Sorrow , chapter 3, page 14:
  • But as to Man, all the Fruits of the Earth, all sorts of Herbs, Plants and Roots, the Fishes of the Sea, and the Birds of the Air do not suffice him, but he must disguise, vary, and sophisticate, change the substance into accident , that by such irritations as these, Nature might be provoked, and as it were necessitated.
  • * 1989 , Iysa A. Bello, The medieval Islamic controversy between philosophy and orthodoxy , page 55:
  • Nonetheless, those who have no evidence of the impossibility of the transformation of accident into substance believe that it is death itself which will be actually transformed into a ram on the Day of Resurrection and then be slaughtered.
  • * 2005 , Muhammad Ali Khalidi, Medieval Islamic philosophical writings , page 175:
  • It would also follow that God ought to be able to transmute genera, converting substance into accident , knowledge into ability, black into white, and sound into smell, just as he can turn the inanimate into animate
  • * 2010 , T. M. Rudavsky, Maimonides , page 142:
  • nor can God effect the transmutation of substances (from accident' into substance, or substance into '''accident''', or substance without ' accident ).

    Synonyms

    * (unexpected event that takes place without foresight or expectation) befalling, chance, contingency, casualty, mishap * (law) casus

    Derived terms

    * accidental * accident of birth * by accident * freak accident

    References

    * Elisabetta Lonati, "Allas, the shorte throte, the tendre mouth": the sins of the mouth in ''The Canterbury Tales'', in ''Thou sittest at another boke , volume 3 (2008, ISSN 1974-0603), page 253: "the cooks "turnen substance into accident" (Pd 539), transform the raw material, its natural essence, into the outward aspect by which it is known." * Barbara Fass Leavy, To Blight With Plague: Studies in a Literary Theme (1993), page 47: *: To turn substance into accident is to give external form to what previously was unformed, to transform spirit into matter, to reduce eternal truths to their ephemeral physical manifestations.

    disaster

    English

    Alternative forms

    * disastre (archaic)

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • An unexpected natural or man-made catastrophe of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life or sometimes permanent change to the natural environment.
  • * {{quote-magazine, date=2013-06-29, volume=407, issue=8842, page=28, magazine=(The Economist)
  • , title= High and wet , passage=Floods in northern India, mostly in the small state of Uttarakhand, have wrought disaster on an enormous scale. The early, intense onset of the monsoon on June 14th swelled rivers, washing away roads, bridges, hotels and even whole villages. Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.}}
  • An unforeseen event causing great loss, upset or unpleasantness of whatever kind.
  • *{{quote-book, year=1959, author=(Georgette Heyer), title=(The Unknown Ajax), chapter=1
  • , passage=And no use for anyone to tell Charles that this was because the Family was in mourning for Mr Granville Darracott […]: Charles might only have been second footman at Darracott Place for a couple of months when that disaster occurred, but no one could gammon him into thinking that my lord cared a spangle for his heir.}}
  • * 2003 ,
  • A nod means good, two nods; very good. And then there's the pursing of the lips: disaster .

    Synonyms

    * See also

    Anagrams

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