The act of abstracting, separating, withdrawing, or taking away; withdrawal; the state of being taken away.
* 1848 , , Principles of Political Economy with some of their Applications to Social Philosophy :
# (euphemistic) The taking surreptitiously for one's own use part of the property of another; purloining.
- The cancelling of the debt would be no destruction of wealth, but a transfer of it: a wrongful abstraction of wealth from certain members of the community, for the profit of the government, or of the tax-payers.
# (engineering) Removal of water from a river, lake, or aquifer.
A separation from worldly objects; a recluse life, as a hermit's abstraction ; the withdrawal from one's senses. [ ]
The act of focusing on one characteristic of an object rather than the object as a whole group of characteristics; the act of separating said qualities from the object or ideas. [ ]
* W. Hamilton, in Lectures on Metaphysics and Logic (1860), Lecture XXXV,
- Abstraction is no positive act: it is simply the negative of attention.
The act of comparing commonality between distinct objects and organizing using those similarities; the act of generalizing characteristics; the product of said generalization.
- Abstraction is necessary for the classification of things into genera and species.
An idea or notion of an abstract or theoretical nature. [ ]
Absence or absorption of mind; inattention to present objects; preoccupation.
- to fight for mere abstractions .
(art) An abstract creation, or piece of art; qualities of artwork that are free from representational aspects. [ ]
(chemistry) A separation of volatile parts by the act of distillation.
An idea of an unrealistic or visionary nature.
The result of mentally abstracting an idea; the results of said process.
(geology) The merging of two river valleys by the larger of the two deepening and widening so much so, as to assimilate the smaller.
(computing) Any generalization technique that ignores or hides details to capture some kind of commonality between different instances for the purpose of controlling the intellectual complexity of engineered systems, particularly software systems.
(computing) Any intellectual construct produced through the technique of abstraction.
* (the act of generalization) specialization
* (mentally abstracting) concretization
Glossary of Water Terms , American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
* From (etyl) absent, (etyl) .
(not comparable) Being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present; missing.
* 1623 , (William Shakespeare), All’s Well That Ends Well, II-iii
(not comparable) Not existing; lacking.
- Expecting absent friends.
(sometimes, comparable) Inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied.
- The part was rudimental or absent .
* 1746-1747 , Chesterfield, Letters to his Son
- What is commonly called an absent man is commonly either a very weak or a very affected man.
(obsolete) Absentee; a person who is away on occasion.
(legal) In the absence of; without.
* 1919 , State vs. Britt, Supreme Court of Missouri, Division 2, in The Southwestern Reporter , page 427
* 2011 , David Elstein, letter, London Review of Books , XXXIII.15:
- If the accused refuse upon demand to pay money or deliver property (absent any excuse or excusing circumstance) which came into his hands as a bailee, such refusal might well constitute some evidence of conversion, with the requisite fraudulent intent required by the statute.
- the Princess Caroline case [...] established that – absent a measurable ‘public interest’ in publication – she was safe from being photographed while out shopping.
From (etyl) absenter, from .
(transitive, now, reflexive) Keep away; stay away; go away.
* 1701-1703 , , "Remarks on Italy"
- Go; for thy stay, not free, absents thee more;
- If after due summons any member absents himself, he is to be fined.
(obsolete) Stay away; withdraw.
- This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half.
(rare) Leave. [ ]