Abstain vs Absent - What's the difference?
In obsolete|lang=en terms the difference between abstain and absent
is that abstain
is (obsolete) hinder; keep back; withhold
[ while absent is (obsolete) stay away; withdraw ] [.] while absent is (transitive|now|reflexive) keep away; stay away; go away
As verbs the difference between abstain and absent is that abstain is (transitive|reflexive|obsolete) keep or withhold oneself
As an adjective absent is (not comparable) being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present; missing
As a noun absent is (obsolete) absentee; a person who is away on occasion
As a preposition absent is (legal) in the absence of; without
(transitive, reflexive, obsolete) Keep or withhold oneself.
Refrain from (something); hold one's self aloof; to forbear or keep from doing, especially an indulgence of the passions or appetites.
* Who abstains from meat that is not gaunt? - Shakespeare, Richard II, II-i
(obsolete) Fast. [ ]
Deliberately refrain from casting one's vote at a meeting where one is present. [ ]
* Not a few abstained from voting. -
(obsolete) Hinder; keep back; withhold. [ ]
* Whether he abstain men from marying [sic]. -
* (keep or withhold oneself) Followed by the word from' or ' of .
* (refrain from something) Followed by the word from .
* deny oneself
* give up
* From (etyl) absent, (etyl) .
(not comparable) Being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present; missing.
* 1623 , (William Shakespeare), All’s Well That Ends Well, II-iii
(not comparable) Not existing; lacking.
- Expecting absent friends.
(sometimes, comparable) Inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied.
- The part was rudimental or absent .
* 1746-1747 , Chesterfield, Letters to his Son
- What is commonly called an absent man is commonly either a very weak or a very affected man.
(obsolete) Absentee; a person who is away on occasion.
(legal) In the absence of; without.
* 1919 , State vs. Britt, Supreme Court of Missouri, Division 2, in The Southwestern Reporter , page 427
* 2011 , David Elstein, letter, London Review of Books , XXXIII.15:
- If the accused refuse upon demand to pay money or deliver property (absent any excuse or excusing circumstance) which came into his hands as a bailee, such refusal might well constitute some evidence of conversion, with the requisite fraudulent intent required by the statute.
- the Princess Caroline case [...] established that – absent a measurable ‘public interest’ in publication – she was safe from being photographed while out shopping.
From (etyl) absenter, from .
(transitive, now, reflexive) Keep away; stay away; go away.
* 1701-1703 , , "Remarks on Italy"
- Go; for thy stay, not free, absents thee more;
- If after due summons any member absents himself, he is to be fined.
(obsolete) Stay away; withdraw.
- This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half.
(rare) Leave. [ ]