Desist vs Abate - What's the difference?

desist | abate |


As a verb desist

is to cease to proceed or act; to stop; to forbear; -- often with from .

As a noun abate is

.

desist

English

Verb

(en verb)
  • To cease to proceed or act; to stop; to forbear; -- often with from .
  • * 1906 , , part I, ch I,
  • One Ear was uttering quick, eager whines, lunging at the length of his stick toward the darkness, and desisting now and again in order to make frantic attacks on the stick with his teeth.

    Anagrams

    *

    abate

    English

    Etymology 1

    From (etyl) abaten, from (etyl) . Cognate to modern French abattre .

    Verb

    (abat)
  • (transitive, obsolete, outside, legal) To put an end to; to cause to cease.
  • to abate a nuisance
  • To become null and void.
  • The writ has abated .
  • (legal) To nullify; make void.
  • to abate a writ
  • (obsolete) To humble; to lower in status; to bring someone down physically or mentally.
  • *
  • The hyer that they were in this present lyf, the moore shulle they be abated and defouled in helle.
  • (obsolete) To be humbled; to be brought down physically or mentally.
  • (obsolete) To curtail; to deprive.
  • Order restrictions and prohibitions to abate an emergency situation.
  • * 1605 , , King Lear , II.ii:
  • She hath abated me of half my train.
  • To reduce in amount, size, or value.
  • Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in proportion, upon a deficiency of assets.
  • *
  • His eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated .
  • To decrease in size, value, or amount.
  • To moderate; to lessen in force, intensity, to subside.
  • * 1597 , , [http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/575 Essays or Counsels, Civil and Morall] :
  • Not that they feel it so, but only to abate the edge of envy.
  • * 1855 , , History of England from the Accession of James II, Part 3 , [http://books.google.com/books?id=MN5CNdgbSTYC&pg=PA267 page 267]:
  • The fury of Glengarry rapidly abated .
  • To decrease in intensity or force; to subside.
  • * :
  • To deduct or omit.
  • We will abate this price from the total.
  • * 1845 , , The Church History of Britain , Volume 3, [http://books.google.com/books?id=OfefAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA100 page 100]:
  • Allowing nine thousand parishes (abating the odd hundreds) in England and Wales
  • To bar or except.
  • *
  • Abating his brutality, he was a very good master.
  • To cut away or hammer down, in such a way as to leave a figure in relief, as a sculpture, or in metalwork.
  • (obsolete) To dull the edge or point of; to blunt.
  • (archaic) To destroy, or level to the ground.
  • * 1542 , , The Union of the Noble and Illustre Famelies of Lancastre and York :
  • The kynge of Scottes planted his siege before the castell of Norham, and sore abated the walls.
    Synonyms
    * (bring down or reduce) lessen; diminish; contract; moderate; cut short; decrease * (diminish in force or intensity) diminish; subside; decline; wane; ebb * (bring someone down) humble; depress * (come to naught) fall through; fail
    Antonyms
    * augment; accelerate; intensify; rise; revive
    Derived terms
    * abatable * abatement * abater * unabated * abate of

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • Abatement.
  • Etymology 2

    From (etyl) abatre, an alteration of enbatre, from (etyl) en + .

    Verb

    (abat)
  • (legal) To enter a tenement without permission after the owner has died and before the heir takes possession.
  • Etymology 4

    From (etyl) abate, from (etyl) .

    Alternative forms

    * abbate

    Noun

    (en noun)
  • An Italian abbot, or other member of the clergy.
  • References

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